Temperature and internal state dependence of ultralow energy ion-neutral reactions.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185560
Title:
Temperature and internal state dependence of ultralow energy ion-neutral reactions.
Author:
Hawley, Michael.
Issue Date:
1991
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation presents results on the study of the temperature and internal state dependence of ion-neutral reactions. The free jet flow technique is used to measure rate coefficients for several reactions at ultralow collision energies near 1 K. The technique, and the unique considerations of free jet flow are considered. The method of analysis of the data obtained from the free jet reactor is also presented. The measurement of reaction rate coefficients for several fast reactions is reported. These studies demonstrate the utility of the technique as various types of reactions which occur at the collision rate are studied. Reactions which do not occur at the collision rate have also been studied. Several slow reaction rate coefficients of the atomic ion AR⁺ are measured, and the data acquired from the free jet flow reactor aids in the elucidation of the reaction mechanisms for these systems. The slow reaction between C₂H₂⁺ and H₂ is also considered, and a theory to account for its unusual temperature dependence is presented which depends heavily on the formation of a long lived collision complex. The experimental rate coefficients for three body association reactions of the rare gas atomic ions Ar⁺, Kr⁺ and Xe⁺ are presented. The experimental results in this case show very large rate coefficients which cannot be explained satisfactorily by any current theories. Using resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization to create quantum state specific ions, the measurement of rate coefficients for selected vibrational states of molecular ions and spin orbit states of atomic ions are reported. Observed effects for vibrational excitation of molecular ions and spin-orbit excitation of atomic ions are discussed. Finally, the production and subsequent dynamics of negative ions by electron attachment are examined. The electrons are produced from a high resolution source by using two color resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization spectroscopy on a suitable precursor.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Dissertations, Academic; Chemistry, Physical and theoretical.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Smith, Mark A.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleTemperature and internal state dependence of ultralow energy ion-neutral reactions.en_US
dc.creatorHawley, Michael.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHawley, Michael.en_US
dc.date.issued1991en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation presents results on the study of the temperature and internal state dependence of ion-neutral reactions. The free jet flow technique is used to measure rate coefficients for several reactions at ultralow collision energies near 1 K. The technique, and the unique considerations of free jet flow are considered. The method of analysis of the data obtained from the free jet reactor is also presented. The measurement of reaction rate coefficients for several fast reactions is reported. These studies demonstrate the utility of the technique as various types of reactions which occur at the collision rate are studied. Reactions which do not occur at the collision rate have also been studied. Several slow reaction rate coefficients of the atomic ion AR⁺ are measured, and the data acquired from the free jet flow reactor aids in the elucidation of the reaction mechanisms for these systems. The slow reaction between C₂H₂⁺ and H₂ is also considered, and a theory to account for its unusual temperature dependence is presented which depends heavily on the formation of a long lived collision complex. The experimental rate coefficients for three body association reactions of the rare gas atomic ions Ar⁺, Kr⁺ and Xe⁺ are presented. The experimental results in this case show very large rate coefficients which cannot be explained satisfactorily by any current theories. Using resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization to create quantum state specific ions, the measurement of rate coefficients for selected vibrational states of molecular ions and spin orbit states of atomic ions are reported. Observed effects for vibrational excitation of molecular ions and spin-orbit excitation of atomic ions are discussed. Finally, the production and subsequent dynamics of negative ions by electron attachment are examined. The electrons are produced from a high resolution source by using two color resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization spectroscopy on a suitable precursor.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDissertations, Academicen_US
dc.subjectChemistry, Physical and theoretical.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorSmith, Mark A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKukolich, Stephen G.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSalzman, William R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLichtenberger, Dennis L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBuckner, Steven W.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9200013en_US
dc.identifier.oclc711702572en_US
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