Soil water determination by time domain reflectometry: Sampling domain and geometry.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185550
Title:
Soil water determination by time domain reflectometry: Sampling domain and geometry.
Author:
Alsanabani, Mohamed Moslih.
Issue Date:
1991
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This work investigates several aspects of time domain reflectometry (TDR) theory and application. One of these aspects is the study of the influence of TDR probe geometries on the travel time. No change in the travel time resulted from increasing either the diameter of wire or spacing. However, we found a linear relationship between the travel time and the length of the probe for measurements in water. Also we found the reflected voltage was inversely proportionally to the incident voltage in water. Another aspect is the volume of sensitivity for the TDR which depends on the electrical properties of the medium and the geometry of the probe. The sensitivity of TDR in soil is different than in water. The observations in soils indicate that soil with a high water content (θᵥ) has a smaller sample volume than the one with low θᵥ. A probe with a large wire diameter has a larger sample volume than a probe with a small wire diameter. Also, a simple model and a mixing model were investigated and compared to Topp's model, for relating θᵥ to the effective dielectric constant. The distance to wetting front over time was observed and calculated using an expression which relates the travel time in soil before and after water application. This was tested with probes of different geometries. The wetting front from a point source were monitored for two and three dimensions in a plexiglas tank using TDR. Contour maps for the calculated radius of wetting front vs. the depth over time were produced.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Dissertations, Academic; Agronomy; Agricultural engineering
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Soil and Water Science; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Warrick, Arthur W.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleSoil water determination by time domain reflectometry: Sampling domain and geometry.en_US
dc.creatorAlsanabani, Mohamed Moslih.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAlsanabani, Mohamed Moslih.en_US
dc.date.issued1991en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis work investigates several aspects of time domain reflectometry (TDR) theory and application. One of these aspects is the study of the influence of TDR probe geometries on the travel time. No change in the travel time resulted from increasing either the diameter of wire or spacing. However, we found a linear relationship between the travel time and the length of the probe for measurements in water. Also we found the reflected voltage was inversely proportionally to the incident voltage in water. Another aspect is the volume of sensitivity for the TDR which depends on the electrical properties of the medium and the geometry of the probe. The sensitivity of TDR in soil is different than in water. The observations in soils indicate that soil with a high water content (θᵥ) has a smaller sample volume than the one with low θᵥ. A probe with a large wire diameter has a larger sample volume than a probe with a small wire diameter. Also, a simple model and a mixing model were investigated and compared to Topp's model, for relating θᵥ to the effective dielectric constant. The distance to wetting front over time was observed and calculated using an expression which relates the travel time in soil before and after water application. This was tested with probes of different geometries. The wetting front from a point source were monitored for two and three dimensions in a plexiglas tank using TDR. Contour maps for the calculated radius of wetting front vs. the depth over time were produced.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDissertations, Academicen_US
dc.subjectAgronomyen_US
dc.subjectAgricultural engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSoil and Water Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorWarrick, Arthur W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSimpson, James R.-
dc.contributor.committeememberMatthias, Allan D.-
dc.contributor.committeememberLehman, Gordon S.-
dc.contributor.committeememberFfolliott, Peter F.-
dc.identifier.proquest9200004en_US
dc.identifier.oclc711693607en_US
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