High-resolution Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of high-temperature molecules and free radicals.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185468
Title:
High-resolution Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of high-temperature molecules and free radicals.
Author:
Frum, Coriolan Ioan.
Issue Date:
1991
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
High resolution absorption spectra of the IF molecule in the X¹Σ⁺ ground state were observed with the Kitt Peak Fourier transform spectrometer in a F₂/I₂ flame. Iodine fluoride is the most unstable interhalogen compound. Accurate wavenumber measurements (±0.0002 cm⁻¹) were made for the 1-0, 2-1 and 2-0 bands and molecular constants were derived. The observation of a high resolution emission spectrum at 13 μm (750 cm⁻¹) is unusual. Seven bands (1-0 through 7-6) of the main isotopic form, ²⁸Si³²S, were observed along with three bands (1-0, 2-1 and 3-2) for each of the minor species, ²⁹Si³²S, ³⁰Si³²S and ²⁸Si³⁴S. More than 2450 lines were fitted for this important astrophysical molecule. Dunham coefficients were obtained for each isotopomer of SiS. Mass-reduced Dunham parameters, including Watson's correction due to the breakdown of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, were also derived from the data. The first high resolution spectrum of a metal dihalides was recorded by infrared emission spectroscopy. The infrared emission spectrum of BeF₂ was observed in the region of the antisymmetric stretching mode, ν₃, and the combination band, ν₁ + ν₂. Eight vibration-rotation bands were rotationally analyzed and the spectroscopic constants are reported. The equilibrium beryllium fluoride bond distance (rₑ) was found to be 1.3729710(95)Å in BeF₂. Values of the vibrational frequencies of all the three normal modes were obtained from the spectra. The gas phase infrared spectrum of C₆₀ (buckminsterfullerine) has been observed in emission with the National Solar Observatory Fourier transform spectrometer at Kitt Peak. Bands attributable to the C₆₀ molecule are found at 527.1 cm⁻¹, 570.3 cm⁻¹, 1169.1 cm⁻¹ and 1406.9 cm⁻¹. Additional emission features are tentatively assigned to C₇₀ or combination bands of C₆₀. A new, strong emission is observed at 1010.2 cm⁻¹ belonging to an unknown molecule. A new electronic state of ³Π symmetry of PtO has been observed between 7100 cm⁻¹ and 8015 cm⁻¹ above the ground state. This new state was observed through an electronic transition to the ³Σ⁻ ground state of this free radical. Three independent electronic systems connecting the Ω = 0,1 and 2 spin components in the upper state to Ω = 1 component in the ground state have been recorded in emission with the Fourier transform spectrometer associated with the McMath Solar Telescope at Kitt Peak. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Chemistry, Physical and theoretical.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Bernath, P.F.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleHigh-resolution Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of high-temperature molecules and free radicals.en_US
dc.creatorFrum, Coriolan Ioan.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFrum, Coriolan Ioan.en_US
dc.date.issued1991en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractHigh resolution absorption spectra of the IF molecule in the X¹Σ⁺ ground state were observed with the Kitt Peak Fourier transform spectrometer in a F₂/I₂ flame. Iodine fluoride is the most unstable interhalogen compound. Accurate wavenumber measurements (±0.0002 cm⁻¹) were made for the 1-0, 2-1 and 2-0 bands and molecular constants were derived. The observation of a high resolution emission spectrum at 13 μm (750 cm⁻¹) is unusual. Seven bands (1-0 through 7-6) of the main isotopic form, ²⁸Si³²S, were observed along with three bands (1-0, 2-1 and 3-2) for each of the minor species, ²⁹Si³²S, ³⁰Si³²S and ²⁸Si³⁴S. More than 2450 lines were fitted for this important astrophysical molecule. Dunham coefficients were obtained for each isotopomer of SiS. Mass-reduced Dunham parameters, including Watson's correction due to the breakdown of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, were also derived from the data. The first high resolution spectrum of a metal dihalides was recorded by infrared emission spectroscopy. The infrared emission spectrum of BeF₂ was observed in the region of the antisymmetric stretching mode, ν₃, and the combination band, ν₁ + ν₂. Eight vibration-rotation bands were rotationally analyzed and the spectroscopic constants are reported. The equilibrium beryllium fluoride bond distance (rₑ) was found to be 1.3729710(95)Å in BeF₂. Values of the vibrational frequencies of all the three normal modes were obtained from the spectra. The gas phase infrared spectrum of C₆₀ (buckminsterfullerine) has been observed in emission with the National Solar Observatory Fourier transform spectrometer at Kitt Peak. Bands attributable to the C₆₀ molecule are found at 527.1 cm⁻¹, 570.3 cm⁻¹, 1169.1 cm⁻¹ and 1406.9 cm⁻¹. Additional emission features are tentatively assigned to C₇₀ or combination bands of C₆₀. A new, strong emission is observed at 1010.2 cm⁻¹ belonging to an unknown molecule. A new electronic state of ³Π symmetry of PtO has been observed between 7100 cm⁻¹ and 8015 cm⁻¹ above the ground state. This new state was observed through an electronic transition to the ³Σ⁻ ground state of this free radical. Three independent electronic systems connecting the Ω = 0,1 and 2 spin components in the upper state to Ω = 1 component in the ground state have been recorded in emission with the Fourier transform spectrometer associated with the McMath Solar Telescope at Kitt Peak. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectChemistry, Physical and theoretical.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBernath, P.F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHuffman, D.R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMiller, W.B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDenton, M.B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBuckner, S.W.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9125447en_US
dc.identifier.oclc702674546en_US
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