Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185458
Title:
Mechanics of sampling disturbances in clay soils.
Author:
Wu, Chang-Shiou.
Issue Date:
1991
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This research provides an insight into the quality of a soil sample during the penetration of a soil sampler. The investigation of the mechanical disturbances in a clay soil is conducted by using an updated Lagrangian finite element formulation with the 2nd Piola-Kirchhoff stress rate (the Truesdell stress increment) to account for the large deformation behavior near the sampling tube. The penetration of the sampler is simulated by spliting a group of nodes ahead of the penetration route up to a sufficient depth and applying incremental deformation to match the geometric configuration of the sampling tube. Consolidation effect is included to account for the rate of penetration. Thin-layer elements are added into the inside wall of the sampling tube to model the soil-sampler interface. The modified Cam-clay model is used to simulate the behavior of the soils. An experimental study was conducted to study the variations of stresses and pore water pressures at the soil-sampler interface. The numerical results show that (1) soil samples are subjected to three distinct stages of vertical strain history, compression-extension-recompression. The first stage of compression, in particular, causes irrecoverable changes in the virgin soil properties of the soil; (2) the undrained shear strength of a disturbed sample reconsolidated to the in situ stress condition is larger than the virgin soil for normally consolidated soils but it is smaller for over consolidated soils; (3) the sampling disturbances due to friction at the soil-sampler interface increase as the sampler penetrates the soil. As a result, long samples will be seriously degraded; (4) the increase of the rate of penetration can reduce the degree of disturbances; (5) the piston sampler induces much larger disturbances than the open-drive sampler.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Dissertations, Academic; Clay soils; Civil engineering.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Budhu, M.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleMechanics of sampling disturbances in clay soils.en_US
dc.creatorWu, Chang-Shiou.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWu, Chang-Shiou.en_US
dc.date.issued1991en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis research provides an insight into the quality of a soil sample during the penetration of a soil sampler. The investigation of the mechanical disturbances in a clay soil is conducted by using an updated Lagrangian finite element formulation with the 2nd Piola-Kirchhoff stress rate (the Truesdell stress increment) to account for the large deformation behavior near the sampling tube. The penetration of the sampler is simulated by spliting a group of nodes ahead of the penetration route up to a sufficient depth and applying incremental deformation to match the geometric configuration of the sampling tube. Consolidation effect is included to account for the rate of penetration. Thin-layer elements are added into the inside wall of the sampling tube to model the soil-sampler interface. The modified Cam-clay model is used to simulate the behavior of the soils. An experimental study was conducted to study the variations of stresses and pore water pressures at the soil-sampler interface. The numerical results show that (1) soil samples are subjected to three distinct stages of vertical strain history, compression-extension-recompression. The first stage of compression, in particular, causes irrecoverable changes in the virgin soil properties of the soil; (2) the undrained shear strength of a disturbed sample reconsolidated to the in situ stress condition is larger than the virgin soil for normally consolidated soils but it is smaller for over consolidated soils; (3) the sampling disturbances due to friction at the soil-sampler interface increase as the sampler penetrates the soil. As a result, long samples will be seriously degraded; (4) the increase of the rate of penetration can reduce the degree of disturbances; (5) the piston sampler induces much larger disturbances than the open-drive sampler.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDissertations, Academicen_US
dc.subjectClay soilsen_US
dc.subjectCivil engineering.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineering and Engineering Mechanicsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBudhu, M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDesai, C.S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKiousis, P.D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFrantziskonis, G.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9124166en_US
dc.identifier.oclc710296105en_US
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