INFLUENCE OF VESICULAR-ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI ON ALFALFA GROWN IN ARIZONA.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185204
Title:
INFLUENCE OF VESICULAR-ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI ON ALFALFA GROWN IN ARIZONA.
Author:
STEINBERG, MARK DAVID.
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
In the glasshouse, two cultivars of alfalfa growing in non-sterile soil were evaluated for their response to inoculation with 4 VA mycorrhizal fungi and 3 strains of Rhizobium meliloti. Alfalfa cultivar Hayden PX-1 had significantly greater dry stem weights (p = 0.05) when inoculated with Glomus fasciculatum, G. deserticola or an undescribed Glomus sp. compared to mycorrhizal controls. Alfalfa cultivar Lew HI Nod had significantly less dry stem weights when inoculated with G. fasciculatum, G. mosseae or the undescribed Glomus sp. Addition to R. meliloti did not impart increased growth responses with either alfalfa cultivar probably due to the high nitrogen content of the soil. In the field, alfalfa cultivar Hayden PX-1 was both transplanted and direct-seeded. Transplanted alfalfa had been preinoculated with VA mycorrhizal fungi and R. meliloti. Inocula containing VA mycorrhizal fungi and R.meliloti were Layered below the seed in direct-seeded plots. Phosphorus, as treble super phosphate, was also added as a treatment. At first harvest, transplanted alfalfa inoculated with the undescribed Glomus sp. had significantly greater (p = 0.05) dry whole plot weights compared to controls regardless of R. meliloti or phosphorus treatments. Inoculation of alfalfa with G. deserticola significantly increased dry whole plot weights over controls but significantly (p = 0.05) only with added R. meliloti and phosphorus. Second harvest data maintained the trend for yield increases over controls with addition of the undescribed Glomus sp. and G. deserticola; however, only significantly (p = 0.05) with inoculation with the undescribed Glomus sp. including R. meliloti and phosphorus. Yield increases were not obtained for the final three transplanted alfalfa harvests or for any of the direct-seeded alfalfa harvests. Statistically significant differences in phosphorus and protein content of alfalfa were not found between any of the treatments. Also, differences were not found in soil populations of R. meliloti in mycorrhizal inoculated plots compared to control plots.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Alfalfa.; Soil fungi -- Physiological effect.; Plants -- Effect of phosphorus on.; Plant inoculation.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Plant Pathology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleINFLUENCE OF VESICULAR-ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI ON ALFALFA GROWN IN ARIZONA.en_US
dc.creatorSTEINBERG, MARK DAVID.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSTEINBERG, MARK DAVID.en_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn the glasshouse, two cultivars of alfalfa growing in non-sterile soil were evaluated for their response to inoculation with 4 VA mycorrhizal fungi and 3 strains of Rhizobium meliloti. Alfalfa cultivar Hayden PX-1 had significantly greater dry stem weights (p = 0.05) when inoculated with Glomus fasciculatum, G. deserticola or an undescribed Glomus sp. compared to mycorrhizal controls. Alfalfa cultivar Lew HI Nod had significantly less dry stem weights when inoculated with G. fasciculatum, G. mosseae or the undescribed Glomus sp. Addition to R. meliloti did not impart increased growth responses with either alfalfa cultivar probably due to the high nitrogen content of the soil. In the field, alfalfa cultivar Hayden PX-1 was both transplanted and direct-seeded. Transplanted alfalfa had been preinoculated with VA mycorrhizal fungi and R. meliloti. Inocula containing VA mycorrhizal fungi and R.meliloti were Layered below the seed in direct-seeded plots. Phosphorus, as treble super phosphate, was also added as a treatment. At first harvest, transplanted alfalfa inoculated with the undescribed Glomus sp. had significantly greater (p = 0.05) dry whole plot weights compared to controls regardless of R. meliloti or phosphorus treatments. Inoculation of alfalfa with G. deserticola significantly increased dry whole plot weights over controls but significantly (p = 0.05) only with added R. meliloti and phosphorus. Second harvest data maintained the trend for yield increases over controls with addition of the undescribed Glomus sp. and G. deserticola; however, only significantly (p = 0.05) with inoculation with the undescribed Glomus sp. including R. meliloti and phosphorus. Yield increases were not obtained for the final three transplanted alfalfa harvests or for any of the direct-seeded alfalfa harvests. Statistically significant differences in phosphorus and protein content of alfalfa were not found between any of the treatments. Also, differences were not found in soil populations of R. meliloti in mycorrhizal inoculated plots compared to control plots.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectAlfalfa.en_US
dc.subjectSoil fungi -- Physiological effect.en_US
dc.subjectPlants -- Effect of phosphorus on.en_US
dc.subjectPlant inoculation.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePlant Pathologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8305999en_US
dc.identifier.oclc688223783en_US
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