UV-visible and infrared spectroscopy of carbon cluster molecules in solid argon.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184922
Title:
UV-visible and infrared spectroscopy of carbon cluster molecules in solid argon.
Author:
Kurtz, Joe.
Issue Date:
1989
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The UV-visible absorption spectrum of carbon vapor trapped in solid argon at low temperature contains many intense features, but only those of C₂ and C₃ have been identified. For this work, graphite vapor was produced under high vacuum conditions and condensed with argon onto a cold (∼10K) substrate. The resulting matrix-isolated carbon molecules were analyzed with both UV-visible and infrared absorption spectroscopy. Slight warming of the sample allowed formation of larger molecules and subsequent spectra traced the growth of their absorption features. The experiment associated infrared features to particular UV-visible features via their growth curves. The most reliable correlations are listed below. Theoretical calculations of equilibrium geometries and IR vibrational frequencies were performed on linear and nearly linear carbon chain molecules from C₃ to C₉ at the HF/SCF level of theory and from C₃ to C₇ at the MP2 level of theory, both using the 6-31G* basis set. Tentative assignment of the UV-visible features to molecules was made based on these considerations and on the following: the experimental IR/UV-visible correlations, previous experimental IR work, and modeling of the growth of the UV-visible features during matrix annealing. (UNFORMATTED TABLE FOLLOWS:) Molecule, UV-visible Feature (Å), IR Feature (cm⁻¹), Correlation Coefficient. C₃ (linear), 4100, 2040, .98. C₈ (linear), 3075, 1998, .97. C₈ (cyclic), 3900, 1804, .90. C₆ (linear), 2465, 1952, .86. C₇, 3480. C₉, 4480.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Carbon -- Spectra; Molecular spectroscopy
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Physics; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Huffman, D.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleUV-visible and infrared spectroscopy of carbon cluster molecules in solid argon.en_US
dc.creatorKurtz, Joe.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKurtz, Joe.en_US
dc.date.issued1989en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe UV-visible absorption spectrum of carbon vapor trapped in solid argon at low temperature contains many intense features, but only those of C₂ and C₃ have been identified. For this work, graphite vapor was produced under high vacuum conditions and condensed with argon onto a cold (∼10K) substrate. The resulting matrix-isolated carbon molecules were analyzed with both UV-visible and infrared absorption spectroscopy. Slight warming of the sample allowed formation of larger molecules and subsequent spectra traced the growth of their absorption features. The experiment associated infrared features to particular UV-visible features via their growth curves. The most reliable correlations are listed below. Theoretical calculations of equilibrium geometries and IR vibrational frequencies were performed on linear and nearly linear carbon chain molecules from C₃ to C₉ at the HF/SCF level of theory and from C₃ to C₇ at the MP2 level of theory, both using the 6-31G* basis set. Tentative assignment of the UV-visible features to molecules was made based on these considerations and on the following: the experimental IR/UV-visible correlations, previous experimental IR work, and modeling of the growth of the UV-visible features during matrix annealing. (UNFORMATTED TABLE FOLLOWS:) Molecule, UV-visible Feature (Å), IR Feature (cm⁻¹), Correlation Coefficient. C₃ (linear), 4100, 2040, .98. C₈ (linear), 3075, 1998, .97. C₈ (cyclic), 3900, 1804, .90. C₆ (linear), 2465, 1952, .86. C₇, 3480. C₉, 4480.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectCarbon -- Spectraen_US
dc.subjectMolecular spectroscopyen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysicsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorHuffman, D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGarcia, J.Den_US
dc.contributor.committeememberThews, R.L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWing, W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberVuillenin, J.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9013179en_US
dc.identifier.oclc703441222en_US
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