The evaluation and the application of array detectors for analytical luminescence spectroscopy.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184782
Title:
The evaluation and the application of array detectors for analytical luminescence spectroscopy.
Author:
Jalkian, Rafi Diran.
Issue Date:
1989
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The research described in this dissertation is the first evaluation and application of a new class of optical detectors, two-dimensional charge-coupled device (CCD), for low-light level chemiluminescence and other luminescence spectroscopies. This research conclusively demonstrates the superior qualitative and quantitative performance of spectrometric systems which employ these detectors. It is experimentally shown that a single detector element of a CCD has comparable or superior sensitivity to the most sensitive single channel detectors; photomultiplier tubes (PMT). The results from the application of the CCD detector system to molecular spectroscopies (fluorescence, chemiluminescence, fluorescence detection of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) effluents, and chemiluminescence detection of HPLC effluents) and atomic spectroscopies (spatially and spectrally resolved spark and direct current plasma are presented). The results of operating the CCD in specialized readout modes developed in this research termed charge dependent variable binning (CDVB), simultaneous variable binning (SVB), and continuous high speed spectral framing (CHSF) are described and applied. The CDVB and SVB techniques allow very sensitive quantitation of spectrally resolved and unresolved signals with very wide dynamic ranges without prior knowledge of the signal intensity. Finally, CHSF technique provides spectrally resolved temporal study of extended period luminescence emission with millisecond time resolution. The results of unique algorithms to restore the integrity of the image obtained with a two-dimensional CCD detector are described and applied. The algorithms implemented are for removing variations in detector sensitivity and responsivity and spectrometer efficiency, as well as providing digital image filtering.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Optical detectors.; Luminescence spectroscopy.; Fluorescence spectroscopy.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleThe evaluation and the application of array detectors for analytical luminescence spectroscopy.en_US
dc.creatorJalkian, Rafi Diran.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJalkian, Rafi Diran.en_US
dc.date.issued1989en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe research described in this dissertation is the first evaluation and application of a new class of optical detectors, two-dimensional charge-coupled device (CCD), for low-light level chemiluminescence and other luminescence spectroscopies. This research conclusively demonstrates the superior qualitative and quantitative performance of spectrometric systems which employ these detectors. It is experimentally shown that a single detector element of a CCD has comparable or superior sensitivity to the most sensitive single channel detectors; photomultiplier tubes (PMT). The results from the application of the CCD detector system to molecular spectroscopies (fluorescence, chemiluminescence, fluorescence detection of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) effluents, and chemiluminescence detection of HPLC effluents) and atomic spectroscopies (spatially and spectrally resolved spark and direct current plasma are presented). The results of operating the CCD in specialized readout modes developed in this research termed charge dependent variable binning (CDVB), simultaneous variable binning (SVB), and continuous high speed spectral framing (CHSF) are described and applied. The CDVB and SVB techniques allow very sensitive quantitation of spectrally resolved and unresolved signals with very wide dynamic ranges without prior knowledge of the signal intensity. Finally, CHSF technique provides spectrally resolved temporal study of extended period luminescence emission with millisecond time resolution. The results of unique algorithms to restore the integrity of the image obtained with a two-dimensional CCD detector are described and applied. The algorithms implemented are for removing variations in detector sensitivity and responsivity and spectrometer efficiency, as well as providing digital image filtering.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectOptical detectors.en_US
dc.subjectLuminescence spectroscopy.en_US
dc.subjectFluorescence spectroscopy.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest9000775en_US
dc.identifier.oclc703240425en_US
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