Dye laser and diode laser spectroscopy of gas phase free radicals.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184695
Title:
Dye laser and diode laser spectroscopy of gas phase free radicals.
Author:
Bopegedera, A. M. Ranjika Priyadarshi.
Issue Date:
1989
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The gaseous free radicals, alkaline-earth metal monoalkylamides, monoacetylides, monoformamidates and monopyrrolidates, consisting of a metal atom (Ca or Sr) bonded to a single ligand, were synthesized in a Broida oven. The electronic and vibrational structures of these molecules were studied by low-resolution laser spectroscopy techniques. These inorganic molecules are ionic, well represented by the structure M⁺L⁻ (M = Ca, Sr: L = ligand). Three electronic transitions were identified for the metal monoalkylamides and the metal monoformamidates. The formamidate anion bonds to the metal in a bidentate fashion through the oxygen and nitrogen atoms. Two electronic transitions were observed for the metal monopyrrolidates. The pyrrolide anion ring bonds to the metal to provide these "open-faced sandwich" type molecules with pseudo-C₅ᵥ symmetry. For the metal monoacetylide molecules, only one electronic transition (Ā²Π-Ẋ²Σ⁺) was observed. Several vibrational frequencies were determined for these inorganic molecules from the low-resolution spectra. The Ā²Π-Ẋ²Σ⁺ transition of the calcium monoacetylide molecule was rotationally analyzed at high-resolution using the filtered laser excitation spectoscopy technique. The rotational line positions were fitted to a ²Π-²Σ⁺ Hamiltonian to obtain several rotational constants. The calcium-carbon bond length in CaCCH was calculated for the ground (2.248 Å) and excited (2.200 Å) electronic states. The vibration-rotation spectra of the gaseous bismuth hydride and bismuth deuteride molecules were recorded, using a diode laser system. The 1-0 fundamental band and several hot bands with Δv-1 were rotationally analyzed. The rotational line positions were fitted first, to a Dunham energy expression and then to a ³Σ⁻ Hamiltonian, to obtain ground state rotational constants. The bismuth-hydrogen (deuterium) bond distance was calculated to be 1.809 Å (1.807 Å).
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Metal bonding -- Research.; Free radicals (Chemistry) -- Research.; Emission spectroscopy.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Bernath, Peter F.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDye laser and diode laser spectroscopy of gas phase free radicals.en_US
dc.creatorBopegedera, A. M. Ranjika Priyadarshi.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBopegedera, A. M. Ranjika Priyadarshi.en_US
dc.date.issued1989en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe gaseous free radicals, alkaline-earth metal monoalkylamides, monoacetylides, monoformamidates and monopyrrolidates, consisting of a metal atom (Ca or Sr) bonded to a single ligand, were synthesized in a Broida oven. The electronic and vibrational structures of these molecules were studied by low-resolution laser spectroscopy techniques. These inorganic molecules are ionic, well represented by the structure M⁺L⁻ (M = Ca, Sr: L = ligand). Three electronic transitions were identified for the metal monoalkylamides and the metal monoformamidates. The formamidate anion bonds to the metal in a bidentate fashion through the oxygen and nitrogen atoms. Two electronic transitions were observed for the metal monopyrrolidates. The pyrrolide anion ring bonds to the metal to provide these "open-faced sandwich" type molecules with pseudo-C₅ᵥ symmetry. For the metal monoacetylide molecules, only one electronic transition (Ā²Π-Ẋ²Σ⁺) was observed. Several vibrational frequencies were determined for these inorganic molecules from the low-resolution spectra. The Ā²Π-Ẋ²Σ⁺ transition of the calcium monoacetylide molecule was rotationally analyzed at high-resolution using the filtered laser excitation spectoscopy technique. The rotational line positions were fitted to a ²Π-²Σ⁺ Hamiltonian to obtain several rotational constants. The calcium-carbon bond length in CaCCH was calculated for the ground (2.248 Å) and excited (2.200 Å) electronic states. The vibration-rotation spectra of the gaseous bismuth hydride and bismuth deuteride molecules were recorded, using a diode laser system. The 1-0 fundamental band and several hot bands with Δv-1 were rotationally analyzed. The rotational line positions were fitted first, to a Dunham energy expression and then to a ³Σ⁻ Hamiltonian, to obtain ground state rotational constants. The bismuth-hydrogen (deuterium) bond distance was calculated to be 1.809 Å (1.807 Å).en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectMetal bonding -- Research.en_US
dc.subjectFree radicals (Chemistry) -- Research.en_US
dc.subjectEmission spectroscopy.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBernath, Peter F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRund, John V.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEnemark, John H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSmith, Mark A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBarfield, Michael A.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8919019en_US
dc.identifier.oclc702374096en_US
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