THE CORRELATION OF CERTAIN QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERS WITH THE VIRULENCE OF ERWINIA CAROTOVORA.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184681
Title:
THE CORRELATION OF CERTAIN QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERS WITH THE VIRULENCE OF ERWINIA CAROTOVORA.
Author:
STOWELL, LARRY JOSEPH.
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Erwinia strains from several geographic regions and several hosts were evaluated for virulence, sensitivity to siderophores produced by Pseudomonas fluorescens (Pf) and bacteriocins produced by Erwinia, and for the presence of plasmids. Selection of virulent strains of Erwinia for use in plant breeding programs for resistance to disease might be based upon quantitative characters which are correlated with disease severity rather than the biochemical reactions used to distinguish Erwinia carotovora subspecies. Quantitative assays for motility, polygalacturonate degradation, potato tuber infection, and tuber decay revealed that motility was correlated with infection (r = 0.83, p = 0.01) and polygalacturonate degradation with decay (r = 0.84, p = 0.01) of potato tubers. Siderophores produced by Pf and bacteriocins produced by Erwinia yielded variable results in bioassays against the Erwinia strains studied. Six of the 12 strains of Erwinia tested were resistant to Pf siderophores. The growth inhibition of sensitive strains was bacteriostatic and reversible by addition of iron (Fe II or Fe III) to the culture medium. Additionally, only one strain of Erwinia was sensitive to the bacteriocins produced by the other 12 strains. The resistance of Erwinia strains to Pf siderophores and Erwinia bacteriocins severely limits the potential for widespread application of these agents in biological control of Erwinia. Bacteriocin-like structures were detected in culture extracts of all 12 Erwinia strains studied. The presence of bacteriocins is indirect evidence that these strains harbor plasmids. Bacteriocin-coding plasmids may be the source of genetic and phenotypic variability demonstrated by the erwinias. The status and value of subspecific classification of Erwinia carotovora may therefore require re-evaluation.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Bacterial diseases of plants.; Plants -- Diseases and pests.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Plant Pathology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleTHE CORRELATION OF CERTAIN QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERS WITH THE VIRULENCE OF ERWINIA CAROTOVORA.en_US
dc.creatorSTOWELL, LARRY JOSEPH.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSTOWELL, LARRY JOSEPH.en_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractErwinia strains from several geographic regions and several hosts were evaluated for virulence, sensitivity to siderophores produced by Pseudomonas fluorescens (Pf) and bacteriocins produced by Erwinia, and for the presence of plasmids. Selection of virulent strains of Erwinia for use in plant breeding programs for resistance to disease might be based upon quantitative characters which are correlated with disease severity rather than the biochemical reactions used to distinguish Erwinia carotovora subspecies. Quantitative assays for motility, polygalacturonate degradation, potato tuber infection, and tuber decay revealed that motility was correlated with infection (r = 0.83, p = 0.01) and polygalacturonate degradation with decay (r = 0.84, p = 0.01) of potato tubers. Siderophores produced by Pf and bacteriocins produced by Erwinia yielded variable results in bioassays against the Erwinia strains studied. Six of the 12 strains of Erwinia tested were resistant to Pf siderophores. The growth inhibition of sensitive strains was bacteriostatic and reversible by addition of iron (Fe II or Fe III) to the culture medium. Additionally, only one strain of Erwinia was sensitive to the bacteriocins produced by the other 12 strains. The resistance of Erwinia strains to Pf siderophores and Erwinia bacteriocins severely limits the potential for widespread application of these agents in biological control of Erwinia. Bacteriocin-like structures were detected in culture extracts of all 12 Erwinia strains studied. The presence of bacteriocins is indirect evidence that these strains harbor plasmids. Bacteriocin-coding plasmids may be the source of genetic and phenotypic variability demonstrated by the erwinias. The status and value of subspecific classification of Erwinia carotovora may therefore require re-evaluation.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectBacterial diseases of plants.en_US
dc.subjectPlants -- Diseases and pests.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePlant Pathologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8227371en_US
dc.identifier.oclc682964046en_US
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