Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184667
Title:
Solubility of organic compounds in nonaqueous systems.
Author:
Mishra, Dinesh Shyamdeo.
Issue Date:
1989
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Solubility of drugs in non-aqueous systems is very important in understanding the partitioning and transport behavior. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the entropic and enthalpic contribution to activity coefficient of organic compounds (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aliphatic acids, aliphatic alcohols etc.) in non-aqueous solvents. The activity coefficient can be written as: ln γ₁ = ln γ₁ᶜ + ln γ₁ʳ where superscript "c" and "r" denote entropic (combinatorial) and enthalpic contribution respectively. We selected three solvent systems: benzene, triolein and octanol. The different models considered in this study were Flory-Huggins, Scatchard-Hildebrand, UNIQUAC combinatorial and UNIFAC residual. A combination of Flory-Huggins and Scatchard-Hildebrand which accounts for both the entropic and enthalpic effects gives the best predictions in all the solvents considered.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Organic compounds -- Solubility.; Solubility -- Mathematical models.; Solutions (Pharmacy)
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Pharmaceutical Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Yalkowsky, Samuel H.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleSolubility of organic compounds in nonaqueous systems.en_US
dc.creatorMishra, Dinesh Shyamdeo.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMishra, Dinesh Shyamdeo.en_US
dc.date.issued1989en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractSolubility of drugs in non-aqueous systems is very important in understanding the partitioning and transport behavior. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the entropic and enthalpic contribution to activity coefficient of organic compounds (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aliphatic acids, aliphatic alcohols etc.) in non-aqueous solvents. The activity coefficient can be written as: ln γ₁ = ln γ₁ᶜ + ln γ₁ʳ where superscript "c" and "r" denote entropic (combinatorial) and enthalpic contribution respectively. We selected three solvent systems: benzene, triolein and octanol. The different models considered in this study were Flory-Huggins, Scatchard-Hildebrand, UNIQUAC combinatorial and UNIFAC residual. A combination of Flory-Huggins and Scatchard-Hildebrand which accounts for both the entropic and enthalpic effects gives the best predictions in all the solvents considered.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectOrganic compounds -- Solubility.en_US
dc.subjectSolubility -- Mathematical models.en_US
dc.subjectSolutions (Pharmacy)en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePharmaceutical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorYalkowsky, Samuel H.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8915976en_US
dc.identifier.oclc702370110en_US
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