Minimization of stresses and pressure surges in pipes using nonlinear optimization.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184632
Title:
Minimization of stresses and pressure surges in pipes using nonlinear optimization.
Author:
El-Ansary, Amgad Saad Eldin.
Issue Date:
1989
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The control of stresses and liquid pressure surges in pipes is an important problem in the design of hydraulic pipe networks. The method of characteristics has been used to solve the transient stresses and pressures in liquid-filled piping systems. The friction force is included in the equations of motion for the fluid and the pipe wall. The maximum pressure and maximum stress at any point along the length of the pipe are evaluated for the entire simulation time. A nonlinear search technique has been developed using the simplex method. The optimal valve closure is sought, that will minimize the maximum pressure and/or stresses. A continuous optimal valve closure policy is specified using spline functions. Numerical examples are presented showing the reduction of the dynamic pressure and the dynamic stress from linear valve closure to optimal valve closure for a simple pipeline and a complex pipeline. Also, a method for choosing the shortest time of closure which will keep the stresses below specified allowable stresses is presented.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Tubes -- Mechanical properties.; Fluid dynamics.; Strains and stresses.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Contractor, D. N.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleMinimization of stresses and pressure surges in pipes using nonlinear optimization.en_US
dc.creatorEl-Ansary, Amgad Saad Eldin.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEl-Ansary, Amgad Saad Eldin.en_US
dc.date.issued1989en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe control of stresses and liquid pressure surges in pipes is an important problem in the design of hydraulic pipe networks. The method of characteristics has been used to solve the transient stresses and pressures in liquid-filled piping systems. The friction force is included in the equations of motion for the fluid and the pipe wall. The maximum pressure and maximum stress at any point along the length of the pipe are evaluated for the entire simulation time. A nonlinear search technique has been developed using the simplex method. The optimal valve closure is sought, that will minimize the maximum pressure and/or stresses. A continuous optimal valve closure policy is specified using spline functions. Numerical examples are presented showing the reduction of the dynamic pressure and the dynamic stress from linear valve closure to optimal valve closure for a simple pipeline and a complex pipeline. Also, a method for choosing the shortest time of closure which will keep the stresses below specified allowable stresses is presented.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectTubes -- Mechanical properties.en_US
dc.subjectFluid dynamics.en_US
dc.subjectStrains and stresses.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineering and Engineering Mechanicsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorContractor, D. N.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberNowatzki, E. A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKiouis, P. D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSen, S.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8915944en_US
dc.identifier.oclc702145660en_US
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