THE EXPERIMENTAL PARTITIONING BEHAVIOR OF TUNGSTEN AND PHOSPHORUS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE COMPOSITION AND FORMATION OF THE EARTH, MOON AND EUCRITE PARENT BODY.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184603
Title:
THE EXPERIMENTAL PARTITIONING BEHAVIOR OF TUNGSTEN AND PHOSPHORUS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE COMPOSITION AND FORMATION OF THE EARTH, MOON AND EUCRITE PARENT BODY.
Author:
NEWSOM, HORTON ELWOOD.
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The solid-metal/silicate-melt partition coefficient for W has been determined experimentally for the temperature and oxygen fugacity conditions at which eucritic basalts formed. The partition coefficient for W is 25 ± 5 at 1190°C and an oxygen fugacity of 10⁻¹³∙⁴. The solid-metal/silicate-melt partition coefficient for P, D(P), has been determined experimentally at 1190°C and 1300°C. The dependence of the partition coefficient on oxygen fugacity is consistent with a valence state of 5 for P in the silicate melt. The experimental partition coefficients are given by: (1) log D(P) = -1.21 log fO₂ -15.95 at 1190°C (2) log D(P) = -1.53 log fO₂ -17.73 at 1300°C The partition coefficients may be used to interpret the depletion of W/La and P/La ratios in the Earth, Moon, and eucrites relative to Cl chondrites. The depletion of the W/La ratios in the eucrites may be explained by partitioning of W into 2% to 10% solid metal assuming equilibration and separation of the metal from the silicates at low degrees of partial melting of the silicates. The depletion of P/La ratios requires an additional 5% to 25% sulfur-bearing metallic liquid. The depletion of both P/La and W/La ratios in the Moon can be explained by partitioning of P and W into liquid metal during formation of a small lunar core by metal-silicate separation at low degrees of partial melting of the silicates. The W/La ratios in the Earth and Moon are virtually indistinguishable, while P/La ratios differ by a factor of two. The concentrations of FeO also appear to be different. These observations are difficult to reconcile with the hypothesis of a terrestrial origin of the Moon following formation of the Earth's core, but are consistent with an independent formation of the Earth and Moon. In contrast to the Moon and eucrites, the depletion of P/La and W/La ratios in the Earth cannot be explained by an internally consistent model involving equilibrium between metal and silicate at low pressures.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Planets -- Geology.; Meteoritic hypothesis.; Basalt.; Tungsten.; Phosphorus.; Earth -- Origin.; Moon -- Origin.; Chondrites (Meteorites)
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Geosciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleTHE EXPERIMENTAL PARTITIONING BEHAVIOR OF TUNGSTEN AND PHOSPHORUS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE COMPOSITION AND FORMATION OF THE EARTH, MOON AND EUCRITE PARENT BODY.en_US
dc.creatorNEWSOM, HORTON ELWOOD.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNEWSOM, HORTON ELWOOD.en_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe solid-metal/silicate-melt partition coefficient for W has been determined experimentally for the temperature and oxygen fugacity conditions at which eucritic basalts formed. The partition coefficient for W is 25 ± 5 at 1190°C and an oxygen fugacity of 10⁻¹³∙⁴. The solid-metal/silicate-melt partition coefficient for P, D(P), has been determined experimentally at 1190°C and 1300°C. The dependence of the partition coefficient on oxygen fugacity is consistent with a valence state of 5 for P in the silicate melt. The experimental partition coefficients are given by: (1) log D(P) = -1.21 log fO₂ -15.95 at 1190°C (2) log D(P) = -1.53 log fO₂ -17.73 at 1300°C The partition coefficients may be used to interpret the depletion of W/La and P/La ratios in the Earth, Moon, and eucrites relative to Cl chondrites. The depletion of the W/La ratios in the eucrites may be explained by partitioning of W into 2% to 10% solid metal assuming equilibration and separation of the metal from the silicates at low degrees of partial melting of the silicates. The depletion of P/La ratios requires an additional 5% to 25% sulfur-bearing metallic liquid. The depletion of both P/La and W/La ratios in the Moon can be explained by partitioning of P and W into liquid metal during formation of a small lunar core by metal-silicate separation at low degrees of partial melting of the silicates. The W/La ratios in the Earth and Moon are virtually indistinguishable, while P/La ratios differ by a factor of two. The concentrations of FeO also appear to be different. These observations are difficult to reconcile with the hypothesis of a terrestrial origin of the Moon following formation of the Earth's core, but are consistent with an independent formation of the Earth and Moon. In contrast to the Moon and eucrites, the depletion of P/La and W/La ratios in the Earth cannot be explained by an internally consistent model involving equilibrium between metal and silicate at low pressures.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPlanets -- Geology.en_US
dc.subjectMeteoritic hypothesis.en_US
dc.subjectBasalt.en_US
dc.subjectTungsten.en_US
dc.subjectPhosphorus.en_US
dc.subjectEarth -- Origin.en_US
dc.subjectMoon -- Origin.en_US
dc.subjectChondrites (Meteorites)en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeosciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8227363en_US
dc.identifier.oclc682957173en_US
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