Microwave spectroscopy of weakly bound complexes and high resolution infrared studies of the nu(6) and nu(8) bands of formic acid.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184530
Title:
Microwave spectroscopy of weakly bound complexes and high resolution infrared studies of the nu(6) and nu(8) bands of formic acid.
Author:
Bumgarner, Roger Eugene.
Issue Date:
1988
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The first part of this dissertation covers the microwave spectroscopy of the weakly bound complexes HI-HF, H₂S-SO₂, Ar-H₂S, and N₂O-HF. These molecules were investigated using a Flygare-Balle type pulsed-beam Fabry-Perot Fourier-transform microwave spectrometer. The spectrometer and its construction are described. The HI-HF complex was found to be hydrogen bonded through the hydrogen of the HF. The hydrogen bond length was found to be 2.720A with a structure such that the monomer bonds form an acute angle of 70°. For H₂S-SO₂ a structure with a S-S distance of 3.67A and H-O distances of 3.1A was obtained. It was established that the hydrogens of H₂S are equivalent is this species. A new set of transitions for Ar-HDS were observed indicating that the hydrogens in this molecule are not equivalent. Several new transitions were also observed for Ar-H₂³⁴S, Ar-H₂S and Ar-D₂S. New insight into the structure of the Ar-H₂S molecule was obtained. Several new transitions for the bent isomer of N₂O-HF were measured and a fit of the ground state constants for this species was performed including quartic distortion constants. The resulting fit improves calculated line centers by two orders of magnitude over previous results. The second part of this dissertation covers the infrared spectroscopy of the ν₆ and ν₈ bands of formic acid. Fourier transform data for these bands were obtained at 0.01 cm⁻¹ resolution using the spectrometer at the Kitt Peak National solar observatory. Diode laser data at 0.001 cm⁻¹ was obtained for the ν₈ band. A two state a-type Coriolis coupled Hamiltonian was used to perform a global fit on all the available data. A greatly improved set of spectroscopic parameters for these two bands were obtained. This new set of parameters has allowed several previously unassigned far I.R. laser and I.R. laser saturation lines to be assigned. Using these improved constants, it should be possible to predict the frequencies for several formic acid far I.R. laser transitions which are not yet accurately measured.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Microwave spectroscopy.; Complex compounds.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Kukolich, Stephen G.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleMicrowave spectroscopy of weakly bound complexes and high resolution infrared studies of the nu(6) and nu(8) bands of formic acid.en_US
dc.creatorBumgarner, Roger Eugene.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBumgarner, Roger Eugene.en_US
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe first part of this dissertation covers the microwave spectroscopy of the weakly bound complexes HI-HF, H₂S-SO₂, Ar-H₂S, and N₂O-HF. These molecules were investigated using a Flygare-Balle type pulsed-beam Fabry-Perot Fourier-transform microwave spectrometer. The spectrometer and its construction are described. The HI-HF complex was found to be hydrogen bonded through the hydrogen of the HF. The hydrogen bond length was found to be 2.720A with a structure such that the monomer bonds form an acute angle of 70°. For H₂S-SO₂ a structure with a S-S distance of 3.67A and H-O distances of 3.1A was obtained. It was established that the hydrogens of H₂S are equivalent is this species. A new set of transitions for Ar-HDS were observed indicating that the hydrogens in this molecule are not equivalent. Several new transitions were also observed for Ar-H₂³⁴S, Ar-H₂S and Ar-D₂S. New insight into the structure of the Ar-H₂S molecule was obtained. Several new transitions for the bent isomer of N₂O-HF were measured and a fit of the ground state constants for this species was performed including quartic distortion constants. The resulting fit improves calculated line centers by two orders of magnitude over previous results. The second part of this dissertation covers the infrared spectroscopy of the ν₆ and ν₈ bands of formic acid. Fourier transform data for these bands were obtained at 0.01 cm⁻¹ resolution using the spectrometer at the Kitt Peak National solar observatory. Diode laser data at 0.001 cm⁻¹ was obtained for the ν₈ band. A two state a-type Coriolis coupled Hamiltonian was used to perform a global fit on all the available data. A greatly improved set of spectroscopic parameters for these two bands were obtained. This new set of parameters has allowed several previously unassigned far I.R. laser and I.R. laser saturation lines to be assigned. Using these improved constants, it should be possible to predict the frequencies for several formic acid far I.R. laser transitions which are not yet accurately measured.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectMicrowave spectroscopy.en_US
dc.subjectComplex compounds.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorKukolich, Stephen G.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBarfield, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMiller, Walter B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPemberton, Jeanne E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBurke, Michael F.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8902396en_US
dc.identifier.oclc701549414en_US
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