Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184500
Title:
Nonlinear distributed couplers in zinc-sulfide waveguides.
Author:
Svensson, Barbro Christina.
Issue Date:
1988
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Nonlinear phenomena originating from the distributed coupling process were observed when distributed couplers, such as prisms and gratings, were used to couple light into nonlinear ZnS thin film waveguides. The efficiency of the nonlinear distributed coupling process was found to depend on two independent parameters, the angle of the incident beam and the power of the incident beam. Depending on the detuning of the incident angle, from the optimum incident angle at low powers, either optical limiting, power-dependent switching, or power-dependent bistability of the coupling efficiency, and thereby of the in-coupled power, was observed. At zero detuning, a twenty-fold decrease of the coupling efficiency with increasing powers was measured. At a nonzero detuning of the incident angle, power-dependent switching at milliwatt powers was observed. At larger angular detunings, corresponding to the angular width. FWHM, of the coupling peak at low powers, power-dependent bistability was observed, and the width of the bistability loop was found to increase with increasing detunings. All-optical beam scanning via a nonlinear grating coupler was also demonstrated, utilizing a control-signal beam configuration, where the signal beam scanned through an angle of 0.5° when the power of the control beam was varied. The observed nonlinearity in ZnS was positive and of thermal origin. The power-induced change in the refractive index was found to be 0.01 and a relaxation time of 10 μsec was measured. Problems with the long-term stability of the nonlinear distributed coupling process were traced to the occurrence of desorption and adsorption of water vapor in the ZnS films.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Optical data processing.; Nonlinear optics.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Optical Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Stegeman, George

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleNonlinear distributed couplers in zinc-sulfide waveguides.en_US
dc.creatorSvensson, Barbro Christina.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSvensson, Barbro Christina.en_US
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractNonlinear phenomena originating from the distributed coupling process were observed when distributed couplers, such as prisms and gratings, were used to couple light into nonlinear ZnS thin film waveguides. The efficiency of the nonlinear distributed coupling process was found to depend on two independent parameters, the angle of the incident beam and the power of the incident beam. Depending on the detuning of the incident angle, from the optimum incident angle at low powers, either optical limiting, power-dependent switching, or power-dependent bistability of the coupling efficiency, and thereby of the in-coupled power, was observed. At zero detuning, a twenty-fold decrease of the coupling efficiency with increasing powers was measured. At a nonzero detuning of the incident angle, power-dependent switching at milliwatt powers was observed. At larger angular detunings, corresponding to the angular width. FWHM, of the coupling peak at low powers, power-dependent bistability was observed, and the width of the bistability loop was found to increase with increasing detunings. All-optical beam scanning via a nonlinear grating coupler was also demonstrated, utilizing a control-signal beam configuration, where the signal beam scanned through an angle of 0.5° when the power of the control beam was varied. The observed nonlinearity in ZnS was positive and of thermal origin. The power-induced change in the refractive index was found to be 0.01 and a relaxation time of 10 μsec was measured. Problems with the long-term stability of the nonlinear distributed coupling process were traced to the occurrence of desorption and adsorption of water vapor in the ZnS films.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectOptical data processing.en_US
dc.subjectNonlinear optics.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorStegeman, Georgeen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBurke, Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBigson, Ursulaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMacleod, Angusen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSeaton, Colinen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8824292en_US
dc.identifier.oclc701369557en_US
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