THE SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BONDED PHASE CHROMATOGRAPHIC ADSORBENTS.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184359
Title:
THE SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BONDED PHASE CHROMATOGRAPHIC ADSORBENTS.
Author:
BLEVINS, DENNIS DEREK.
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Several phenyl alkyl bonded phases for liquid chromatography were synthesized and characterized by liquid chromatography, gas chromatography and ¹³C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The chromatographic physical parameters investigated include a quantitative determination of the mobile phase volume and the stationary phase volume. The stationary phase volume was determined to be a function of the bonded moiety chain length and the chromatographic solvent system employed. The interpretation of the stationary phase volume is discussed in terms of the porous nature of the silica gel support. The chemical parameters determined include a quantitative determination of the mobile phase and stationary phase composition (which were different from each other). The selectivity of the chromatographic separations was dependent on the chemical composition and the volume of both the stationary and mobile phases. Carbon 13 NMR spectroscopy provided information about the environment of the bonded moiety in the stationary phase. The liquid-like nature of the bonded moiety was influenced by the chain length of the attached species, the choice of organic modifier, and the chemical composition of the solvents. Temperature did not appear to play a role in the line widths under the experimental conditions examined. The separation of several peptide diastereoisomers on different commercially available hydrocarbon bonded adsorbents is also reported. Select diastereoisomers of arginine vasopressin and oxytocin are extremely sensitive to differences in the composition of the stationary phase. The selectivity and elution order were dependent upon the choice of adsorbent and solvent system employed. The addition of a second organic modifier provided a method for the dynamic modification of the stationary phase. The ability to dynamically modify the stationary phase can enhance the selectivity for the separation of selected peptide diastereoisomers.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Chromatographic analysis.; Liquid chromatography.; Chemical bonds.; Surface chemistry.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleTHE SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BONDED PHASE CHROMATOGRAPHIC ADSORBENTS.en_US
dc.creatorBLEVINS, DENNIS DEREK.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBLEVINS, DENNIS DEREK.en_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractSeveral phenyl alkyl bonded phases for liquid chromatography were synthesized and characterized by liquid chromatography, gas chromatography and ¹³C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The chromatographic physical parameters investigated include a quantitative determination of the mobile phase volume and the stationary phase volume. The stationary phase volume was determined to be a function of the bonded moiety chain length and the chromatographic solvent system employed. The interpretation of the stationary phase volume is discussed in terms of the porous nature of the silica gel support. The chemical parameters determined include a quantitative determination of the mobile phase and stationary phase composition (which were different from each other). The selectivity of the chromatographic separations was dependent on the chemical composition and the volume of both the stationary and mobile phases. Carbon 13 NMR spectroscopy provided information about the environment of the bonded moiety in the stationary phase. The liquid-like nature of the bonded moiety was influenced by the chain length of the attached species, the choice of organic modifier, and the chemical composition of the solvents. Temperature did not appear to play a role in the line widths under the experimental conditions examined. The separation of several peptide diastereoisomers on different commercially available hydrocarbon bonded adsorbents is also reported. Select diastereoisomers of arginine vasopressin and oxytocin are extremely sensitive to differences in the composition of the stationary phase. The selectivity and elution order were dependent upon the choice of adsorbent and solvent system employed. The addition of a second organic modifier provided a method for the dynamic modification of the stationary phase. The ability to dynamically modify the stationary phase can enhance the selectivity for the separation of selected peptide diastereoisomers.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectChromatographic analysis.en_US
dc.subjectLiquid chromatography.en_US
dc.subjectChemical bonds.en_US
dc.subjectSurface chemistry.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8227341en_US
dc.identifier.oclc682934016en_US
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