Isolation of a set of mutations linked to the TAG-1 locus of Bacillus subtilis, which perturb cell surface properties.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184343
Title:
Isolation of a set of mutations linked to the TAG-1 locus of Bacillus subtilis, which perturb cell surface properties.
Author:
Briehl, Margaret Marie.
Issue Date:
1988
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The physiological role of the teichoic acid polymers found in Gram-positive bacterial cell walls is not known. Studies of Bacillus subtilis hybrid strains implicate a defined chromosomal region, which includes the tag-1 locus, as necessary for teichoic acid biosynthesis. A set of ten mutants carrying lesions in this region was identified from among forty-four temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants generated by nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis and bacteriophage 029 selection. This protocol gave a population enriched for ts, versus auxotrophic, mutants. For each of the ten mutants, the frequency of genetic reconstruction, or correction, of the ts phenotype indicated that it was due to change(s) in a single gene. Results of two-factor transformation crosses sorted the mutants into three complementation groups; all ten could complement tag-1. Mutants in two complementation groups were transformed to ts⁺ with cloned rodC DNA. The map order of the newly isolated ts markers was determined from the results of two factor crosses. Orientation with respect to the hisA marker was inferred from transduction experiments. The newly isolated strains were shown to be conditional rod⁻ mutants. Growth at 48°C resulted in reduced growth rates and spherically shaped cells. Additional phenotypes seen for some mutants, namely 029 phage resistance and ts spore outgrowth, appeared closely associated with the ts rod⁻ mutation. Wall phosphate content for two of the mutants, following growth at 48°C, was found to be reduced in comparison to the wild-type control. Taken together these results lend support to the argument that the tag-1 region of the chromosome, which most likely directs teichoic acid biosynthesis, is important for establishment and maintenance of the normal bacillary morphology seen for B. subtilis. The importance of other gene products to the organization of newly synthesized wall was examined using B. subtilis macrofibers. Left- and right-handed macrofibers were converted to spheroplasts and the multi-celled structures regenerated under the two sets of conditions conducive for production of the original, and inverse hand. The helix hands observed for the regenerated structures always corresponded to those expected on the basis of the parental genotype.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Cell membranes.; Bacillus subtilis -- Genetics.; Bacillus subtilis -- Biotechnology.; Bacterial cell walls.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Molecular and Cellular Biology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Mendelson, Neil

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleIsolation of a set of mutations linked to the TAG-1 locus of Bacillus subtilis, which perturb cell surface properties.en_US
dc.creatorBriehl, Margaret Marie.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBriehl, Margaret Marie.en_US
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe physiological role of the teichoic acid polymers found in Gram-positive bacterial cell walls is not known. Studies of Bacillus subtilis hybrid strains implicate a defined chromosomal region, which includes the tag-1 locus, as necessary for teichoic acid biosynthesis. A set of ten mutants carrying lesions in this region was identified from among forty-four temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants generated by nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis and bacteriophage 029 selection. This protocol gave a population enriched for ts, versus auxotrophic, mutants. For each of the ten mutants, the frequency of genetic reconstruction, or correction, of the ts phenotype indicated that it was due to change(s) in a single gene. Results of two-factor transformation crosses sorted the mutants into three complementation groups; all ten could complement tag-1. Mutants in two complementation groups were transformed to ts⁺ with cloned rodC DNA. The map order of the newly isolated ts markers was determined from the results of two factor crosses. Orientation with respect to the hisA marker was inferred from transduction experiments. The newly isolated strains were shown to be conditional rod⁻ mutants. Growth at 48°C resulted in reduced growth rates and spherically shaped cells. Additional phenotypes seen for some mutants, namely 029 phage resistance and ts spore outgrowth, appeared closely associated with the ts rod⁻ mutation. Wall phosphate content for two of the mutants, following growth at 48°C, was found to be reduced in comparison to the wild-type control. Taken together these results lend support to the argument that the tag-1 region of the chromosome, which most likely directs teichoic acid biosynthesis, is important for establishment and maintenance of the normal bacillary morphology seen for B. subtilis. The importance of other gene products to the organization of newly synthesized wall was examined using B. subtilis macrofibers. Left- and right-handed macrofibers were converted to spheroplasts and the multi-celled structures regenerated under the two sets of conditions conducive for production of the original, and inverse hand. The helix hands observed for the regenerated structures always corresponded to those expected on the basis of the parental genotype.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectCell membranes.en_US
dc.subjectBacillus subtilis -- Genetics.en_US
dc.subjectBacillus subtilis -- Biotechnology.en_US
dc.subjectBacterial cell walls.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMolecular and Cellular Biologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMendelson, Neilen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8814214en_US
dc.identifier.oclc701107514en_US
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