Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184305
Title:
Laser and Fourier transform spectroscopy of gas phase molecules.
Author:
O'Brien, Leah Christine.
Issue Date:
1987
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Laser and Fourier transform spectroscopy were used to study a variety of gas phase molecules. A series of calcium and strontium monoalkoxides, CaOR and SrOR [R=H, CH₃, CH₂CH₃, CH(CH₃)₂, CH₂CH₂CH₃, CH₂(CH₂)₂CH₃, CH₂(CH₃)CH₂CH₃ and C(CH₃)₃] was studied by laser induced fluorescence and laser excitation techniques. The A - X and B - X electronic transitions were recorded. Calcium and strontium monocyclopentadienide, CaCp and SrCp, were produced in a Broida oven and the spectra were recorded at low resolution by laser techniques. The geometry of these molecules is like an "open-faced sandwich", with C₅ᵥ symmetry. The A²Π - X²Σ⁺ and B²Σ⁺ - X²Σ⁺ transitions of calcium and strontium monoisocyanate, CaNCO and SrNCO, were recorded for the first time. The spectra are interpreted as arising from a molecule with linear, ionic Sr⁺ - ⁻NCO structure. The 0-0 band of the A - X transition of SrNCO was recorded at high resolution and rotationally analyzed. The use of a 0.64 m monochromator, acting as a narrow bandpass filter, was necessary for recording the spectra and enabled the correct assignment of the rotational lines. By comparing the molecular constants of SrNCO with related molecules, the NCO⁻ ligand was found to be nitrogen bonding to the strontium atom. The Sr-N bond length was estimated to be 2.26 A in the ground state. The rotational analysis of the 0-0 band of the A²E₁/₂ - X²A₁ transition of the SrOCH₃ free radical has been carried out by laser excitation spectroscopy. The SrOCH₃ molecule was found to have C₃ᵥ symmetry with a Sr-O bond length of 2.12 A. There was no evidence of a Jahn-Teller effect in the A²E state. This work is the first high-resolution analysis of a metal alkoxide molecule. The rotationally cool (30 K) spectrum of the 0-0 vibrational band of the A²Δ - X²Π electronic transition for the diatomic free radical CCl was recorded using a Fourier transform spectrometer. The first rotational lines of the six strongest branches were observed, and transitions in three other branches were also detected. The CCl radical was produced in a corona-excited supersonic expansion source.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Laser spectroscopy.; Fourier transform spectroscopy.; Gases.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Bernath, Peter F.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleLaser and Fourier transform spectroscopy of gas phase molecules.en_US
dc.creatorO'Brien, Leah Christine.en_US
dc.contributor.authorO'Brien, Leah Christine.en_US
dc.date.issued1987en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractLaser and Fourier transform spectroscopy were used to study a variety of gas phase molecules. A series of calcium and strontium monoalkoxides, CaOR and SrOR [R=H, CH₃, CH₂CH₃, CH(CH₃)₂, CH₂CH₂CH₃, CH₂(CH₂)₂CH₃, CH₂(CH₃)CH₂CH₃ and C(CH₃)₃] was studied by laser induced fluorescence and laser excitation techniques. The A - X and B - X electronic transitions were recorded. Calcium and strontium monocyclopentadienide, CaCp and SrCp, were produced in a Broida oven and the spectra were recorded at low resolution by laser techniques. The geometry of these molecules is like an "open-faced sandwich", with C₅ᵥ symmetry. The A²Π - X²Σ⁺ and B²Σ⁺ - X²Σ⁺ transitions of calcium and strontium monoisocyanate, CaNCO and SrNCO, were recorded for the first time. The spectra are interpreted as arising from a molecule with linear, ionic Sr⁺ - ⁻NCO structure. The 0-0 band of the A - X transition of SrNCO was recorded at high resolution and rotationally analyzed. The use of a 0.64 m monochromator, acting as a narrow bandpass filter, was necessary for recording the spectra and enabled the correct assignment of the rotational lines. By comparing the molecular constants of SrNCO with related molecules, the NCO⁻ ligand was found to be nitrogen bonding to the strontium atom. The Sr-N bond length was estimated to be 2.26 A in the ground state. The rotational analysis of the 0-0 band of the A²E₁/₂ - X²A₁ transition of the SrOCH₃ free radical has been carried out by laser excitation spectroscopy. The SrOCH₃ molecule was found to have C₃ᵥ symmetry with a Sr-O bond length of 2.12 A. There was no evidence of a Jahn-Teller effect in the A²E state. This work is the first high-resolution analysis of a metal alkoxide molecule. The rotationally cool (30 K) spectrum of the 0-0 vibrational band of the A²Δ - X²Π electronic transition for the diatomic free radical CCl was recorded using a Fourier transform spectrometer. The first rotational lines of the six strongest branches were observed, and transitions in three other branches were also detected. The CCl radical was produced in a corona-excited supersonic expansion source.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectLaser spectroscopy.en_US
dc.subjectFourier transform spectroscopy.en_US
dc.subjectGases.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBernath, Peter F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberForster, Leslie S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSmith, Mark A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLichtenberger, Dennis L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEnemark, John H.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8805524en_US
dc.identifier.oclc700279996en_US
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