Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184218
Title:
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND ACTIONS OF THE VITAMIN-D HORMONE RECEPTOR.
Author:
MANGELSDORF, DAVID JOHN.
Issue Date:
1987
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The active form of vitamin D is the steroid hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D₃ [1,25(OH)₂D₃]. Central to the mechanism of action of 1,25(OH)₂D₃ is its specific, high affinity intracellular receptor. This research focused on the participation of this receptor in the biology, biochemistry, and molecular biology of the vitamin D regulatory system. The effects of 1,25(OH)₂D₃ on the differentiation of hematopoietic cells were investigated using the cultured human promyelocytic leukemia cell line, HL-60, as a model. It was observed that 1,25(OH)₂D₃ induced macrophage differentiation in HL-60 cells and that a direct biochemical correlation existed between 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor saturation and a 1,25(OH)₂D₃-stimulated bioresponse. These data implicate 1,25(OH)₂D₃ as a natural cell differentiating agent and the 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor as the mediator of this hormone's action. Since the most fundamental level of control occurs by the regulation of gene expression, studies were undertaken to define the transcriptional control by 1,25(OH)₂D₃ over a known vitamin D-regulated endpoint protein. This work resulted in the molecular cloning of cDNAs to two avian intestinal calcium binding proteins, vitamin D-dependent calcium binding protein and a novel calmodulin-like protein. To gain further insight into the role of the 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor as a transcriptional regulator, avian and mammalian 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor mRNAs were characterized extensively by the techniques of in vitro translation and immunoprecipitation. These mRNAs were then utilized to construct cDNA libraries from which avian and human intestinal 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor cDNAs were isolated and their identity verified by hybrid-selected translation, sequencing, and Northern analysis. It was concluded that demonstrated 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptors are polypeptides of 52-60 kDa whose activity is regulated by 1,25(OH)₂D₃ at both an mRNA and posttranslational level. Furthermore, the deduced amino acid sequence of receptor mRNA included a highly conserved cysteine, lysine, and arginine rich region that is homologous to other steroid receptors and the oncogene product v- erbA. Thus, the vitamin D receptor to be a specific trans -acting factor, modulating the pleiotropic effects of vitamin D including calcium homeostasis, and cellular differentiation.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Steroid hormones -- Receptors.; Vitamin D.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Biochemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleMOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND ACTIONS OF THE VITAMIN-D HORMONE RECEPTOR.en_US
dc.creatorMANGELSDORF, DAVID JOHN.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMANGELSDORF, DAVID JOHN.en_US
dc.date.issued1987en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe active form of vitamin D is the steroid hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D₃ [1,25(OH)₂D₃]. Central to the mechanism of action of 1,25(OH)₂D₃ is its specific, high affinity intracellular receptor. This research focused on the participation of this receptor in the biology, biochemistry, and molecular biology of the vitamin D regulatory system. The effects of 1,25(OH)₂D₃ on the differentiation of hematopoietic cells were investigated using the cultured human promyelocytic leukemia cell line, HL-60, as a model. It was observed that 1,25(OH)₂D₃ induced macrophage differentiation in HL-60 cells and that a direct biochemical correlation existed between 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor saturation and a 1,25(OH)₂D₃-stimulated bioresponse. These data implicate 1,25(OH)₂D₃ as a natural cell differentiating agent and the 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor as the mediator of this hormone's action. Since the most fundamental level of control occurs by the regulation of gene expression, studies were undertaken to define the transcriptional control by 1,25(OH)₂D₃ over a known vitamin D-regulated endpoint protein. This work resulted in the molecular cloning of cDNAs to two avian intestinal calcium binding proteins, vitamin D-dependent calcium binding protein and a novel calmodulin-like protein. To gain further insight into the role of the 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor as a transcriptional regulator, avian and mammalian 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor mRNAs were characterized extensively by the techniques of in vitro translation and immunoprecipitation. These mRNAs were then utilized to construct cDNA libraries from which avian and human intestinal 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptor cDNAs were isolated and their identity verified by hybrid-selected translation, sequencing, and Northern analysis. It was concluded that demonstrated 1,25(OH)₂D₃ receptors are polypeptides of 52-60 kDa whose activity is regulated by 1,25(OH)₂D₃ at both an mRNA and posttranslational level. Furthermore, the deduced amino acid sequence of receptor mRNA included a highly conserved cysteine, lysine, and arginine rich region that is homologous to other steroid receptors and the oncogene product v- erbA. Thus, the vitamin D receptor to be a specific trans -acting factor, modulating the pleiotropic effects of vitamin D including calcium homeostasis, and cellular differentiation.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectSteroid hormones -- Receptors.en_US
dc.subjectVitamin D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineBiochemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8727932en_US
dc.identifier.oclc699823410en_US
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