PALEOMAGNETISM OF JURASSIC VOLCANIC ROCKS IN SOUTHEASTERN ARIZONA AND NORTH AMERICAN JURASSIC APPARENT POLAR WANDER.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184199
Title:
PALEOMAGNETISM OF JURASSIC VOLCANIC ROCKS IN SOUTHEASTERN ARIZONA AND NORTH AMERICAN JURASSIC APPARENT POLAR WANDER.
Author:
MAY, STEVEN ROBERT.
Issue Date:
1985
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Jurassic volcanic rocks in southeastern Arizona provide an opportunity to study the paleomagnetism of an autochthonous segment of the Mesozoic Cordilleran magmatic arc. The Corral Canyon sequence in the Patagonia Mountains is a 650 meter thick homoclinal sequence consisting of interbedded volcaniclastic red-beds, welded ash-flow tuff, and lavas. Rb/Sr isotopic analysis of eight whole rock tuff samples yields an isochron age of 171 ± 3 Ma. Welded tuffs in the Corral Canyon sequence possess a stable, primary magnetization carried in both magnetite and hematite that defines a paleomagnetic pole at 61.8°N, 116.0°E, alpha₉₅= 6.2°. This pole is considered to be a reliable Middle Jurassic reference pole for cratonic North America. Paleomagnetic study of the Canelo Hills volcanics welded tuff member also yields a stable, primary magnetization throughout a stratigraphic thickness of 600 meters. However, results from this formation are enigmatic and the mean pole is discordant with respect to Middle Jurassic reference poles. Various aspects of the paleomagnetic data indicate that discordance of the Canelo Hills volcanics pole is probably due to acquisition of remanent magnetization during a period of non-dipole behavior of the geomagnetic field. Dispersion of paleomagnetic directions suggests that the welded tuff member represents at most two cooling units and can be interpreted as a caldera-fill sequence. A revised Jurassic APW path differs significantly from available paths and has important implications for North American plate motion and paleolatitude. The spatio-temporal progression of reliable Jurassic paleopoles, in conjunction with Triassic and Early Cretaceous poles, is well described by paleomagnetic Euler pole analysis. The APW path is divided into three tracks, separated by two cusps. These cusps represent changes in the direction of North American absolute plate motion and can be correlated with global plate motion and intraplate deformation events at approximately 200-210 Ma and 150 Ma. Finally, the APW path presented herein predicts more southerly Late Triassic and Jurassic paleolatitudes for North America than have been suggested by previous authors. Using revised reference poles, there are no inclination anomalies within paleomagnetic data from Late Triassic and Early Jurassic rocks of Stikinia and Quesnellia (B.C., Canada).
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Geology, Stratigraphic -- Jurassic.; Geology -- Arizona -- Patagonia Mountains.; Geomagnetism.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Geosciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titlePALEOMAGNETISM OF JURASSIC VOLCANIC ROCKS IN SOUTHEASTERN ARIZONA AND NORTH AMERICAN JURASSIC APPARENT POLAR WANDER.en_US
dc.creatorMAY, STEVEN ROBERT.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMAY, STEVEN ROBERT.en_US
dc.date.issued1985en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractJurassic volcanic rocks in southeastern Arizona provide an opportunity to study the paleomagnetism of an autochthonous segment of the Mesozoic Cordilleran magmatic arc. The Corral Canyon sequence in the Patagonia Mountains is a 650 meter thick homoclinal sequence consisting of interbedded volcaniclastic red-beds, welded ash-flow tuff, and lavas. Rb/Sr isotopic analysis of eight whole rock tuff samples yields an isochron age of 171 ± 3 Ma. Welded tuffs in the Corral Canyon sequence possess a stable, primary magnetization carried in both magnetite and hematite that defines a paleomagnetic pole at 61.8°N, 116.0°E, alpha₉₅= 6.2°. This pole is considered to be a reliable Middle Jurassic reference pole for cratonic North America. Paleomagnetic study of the Canelo Hills volcanics welded tuff member also yields a stable, primary magnetization throughout a stratigraphic thickness of 600 meters. However, results from this formation are enigmatic and the mean pole is discordant with respect to Middle Jurassic reference poles. Various aspects of the paleomagnetic data indicate that discordance of the Canelo Hills volcanics pole is probably due to acquisition of remanent magnetization during a period of non-dipole behavior of the geomagnetic field. Dispersion of paleomagnetic directions suggests that the welded tuff member represents at most two cooling units and can be interpreted as a caldera-fill sequence. A revised Jurassic APW path differs significantly from available paths and has important implications for North American plate motion and paleolatitude. The spatio-temporal progression of reliable Jurassic paleopoles, in conjunction with Triassic and Early Cretaceous poles, is well described by paleomagnetic Euler pole analysis. The APW path is divided into three tracks, separated by two cusps. These cusps represent changes in the direction of North American absolute plate motion and can be correlated with global plate motion and intraplate deformation events at approximately 200-210 Ma and 150 Ma. Finally, the APW path presented herein predicts more southerly Late Triassic and Jurassic paleolatitudes for North America than have been suggested by previous authors. Using revised reference poles, there are no inclination anomalies within paleomagnetic data from Late Triassic and Early Jurassic rocks of Stikinia and Quesnellia (B.C., Canada).en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectGeology, Stratigraphic -- Jurassic.en_US
dc.subjectGeology -- Arizona -- Patagonia Mountains.en_US
dc.subjectGeomagnetism.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeosciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8727781en_US
dc.identifier.oclc699814222en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.