A STREAM FUNCTION METHOD FOR COMPUTING STEADY ROTATIONAL TRANSONIC FLOWS WITH APPLICATION TO SOLAR WIND-TYPE PROBLEMS.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/184048
Title:
A STREAM FUNCTION METHOD FOR COMPUTING STEADY ROTATIONAL TRANSONIC FLOWS WITH APPLICATION TO SOLAR WIND-TYPE PROBLEMS.
Author:
KOPRIVA, DAVID ALAN.
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
A numerical scheme has been developed to solve the quasilinear form of the transonic stream function equation. The method is applied to compute steady two-dimensional axisymmetric solar wind-type problems. A single, perfect, non-dissipative, homentropic and polytropic gas-dynamics is assumed. The four equations governing mass and momentum conservation are reduced to a single nonlinear second order partial differential equation for the stream function. Bernoulli's equation is used to obtain a nonlinear algebraic relation for the density in terms of stream function derivatives. The vorticity includes the effects of azimuthal rotation and Bernoulli's function and is determined from quantities specified on boundaries. The approach is efficient. The number of equations and independent variables has been reduced and a rapid relaxation technique developed for the transonic full potential equation is used. Second order accurate central differences are used in elliptic regions. In hyperbolic regions a dissipation term motivated by the rotated differencing scheme of Jameson is added for stability. A successive-line-overrelaxation technique also introduced by Jameson is used to solve the equations. The nonlinear equationfor the density is a double valued function of the stream function derivatives. The velocities are extrapolated from upwind points to determine the proper branch and Newton's method is used to iteratively compute the density. This allows accurate solutions with few grid points. The applications first illustrate solutins to solar wind models. The equations predict that the effects of vorticity must be confined near the surface and far away the streamlines must resemble the spherically symmetric solution. Irrotational and rotational flows show this behavior. The streamlines bend toward the rotation axis for rapidly rotating models because the coriolis force is much larger than the centrifugal force. Models of galactic winds are computed by considering the flow exterior to a surface which surrounds a uniform density oblate spheroid. Irrotational results with uniform outward mass flux show streamlines bent toward the equator and nearly spherical sonic surfaces. Rotating models for which Bernoulli's function is not constant show the sonic surface is deformed consistent with the one-dimensional theory.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Aerodynamics, Transonic -- Mathematical models.; Solar wind -- Simulation methods.; Fluid dynamics -- Approximation methods.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Applied Mathematics; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleA STREAM FUNCTION METHOD FOR COMPUTING STEADY ROTATIONAL TRANSONIC FLOWS WITH APPLICATION TO SOLAR WIND-TYPE PROBLEMS.en_US
dc.creatorKOPRIVA, DAVID ALAN.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKOPRIVA, DAVID ALAN.en_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractA numerical scheme has been developed to solve the quasilinear form of the transonic stream function equation. The method is applied to compute steady two-dimensional axisymmetric solar wind-type problems. A single, perfect, non-dissipative, homentropic and polytropic gas-dynamics is assumed. The four equations governing mass and momentum conservation are reduced to a single nonlinear second order partial differential equation for the stream function. Bernoulli's equation is used to obtain a nonlinear algebraic relation for the density in terms of stream function derivatives. The vorticity includes the effects of azimuthal rotation and Bernoulli's function and is determined from quantities specified on boundaries. The approach is efficient. The number of equations and independent variables has been reduced and a rapid relaxation technique developed for the transonic full potential equation is used. Second order accurate central differences are used in elliptic regions. In hyperbolic regions a dissipation term motivated by the rotated differencing scheme of Jameson is added for stability. A successive-line-overrelaxation technique also introduced by Jameson is used to solve the equations. The nonlinear equationfor the density is a double valued function of the stream function derivatives. The velocities are extrapolated from upwind points to determine the proper branch and Newton's method is used to iteratively compute the density. This allows accurate solutions with few grid points. The applications first illustrate solutins to solar wind models. The equations predict that the effects of vorticity must be confined near the surface and far away the streamlines must resemble the spherically symmetric solution. Irrotational and rotational flows show this behavior. The streamlines bend toward the rotation axis for rapidly rotating models because the coriolis force is much larger than the centrifugal force. Models of galactic winds are computed by considering the flow exterior to a surface which surrounds a uniform density oblate spheroid. Irrotational results with uniform outward mass flux show streamlines bent toward the equator and nearly spherical sonic surfaces. Rotating models for which Bernoulli's function is not constant show the sonic surface is deformed consistent with the one-dimensional theory.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectAerodynamics, Transonic -- Mathematical models.en_US
dc.subjectSolar wind -- Simulation methods.en_US
dc.subjectFluid dynamics -- Approximation methods.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineApplied Mathematicsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSeebassen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8219871en_US
dc.identifier.oclc682637928en_US
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