ALKYLATION AND OXIDATIONS OF SYMMETRICAL DIMETHYLENEBIPHENYL AND RELATED DIANIONS (CYCLOPHANE, BIPHENYLOPHANE, NMR, CONFORMATION).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/183991
Title:
ALKYLATION AND OXIDATIONS OF SYMMETRICAL DIMETHYLENEBIPHENYL AND RELATED DIANIONS (CYCLOPHANE, BIPHENYLOPHANE, NMR, CONFORMATION).
Author:
WHITE, JAMES JEFFREY.
Issue Date:
1986
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Bis-benzyl dianions were prepared from the three symmetrical dimethylbiphenyls in yields of 79-86%, and shown to react with a variety of electrophiles on the benzylic carbons. Electrophiles included dimethyl and diethyl sulfate, isopropyl bromide, t-butyl iodide, allyl chloride, trimethylsilyl chloride, trimethylgermyl bromide, and trimethyltin chloride. Reaction of the dianions with (alpha),(omega)-dihalides provides an excellent route to n.0 - and n.0.n.0 cyclophanes. An X-ray study on 14.0 paracyclophane showed it to have a conformation different from that observed in solution by NMR; MM2 calculations were used in determining what the solution conformation is likely to be. Oxidation of the dianions produced the monomer dihydrophenanthrene from the ortho isomer, dimer 2.0.2.0 metacyclophane from the meta isomer, and polymer from the para isomer. An X-ray study on 2.0.2.0 metacyclophane showed it to have the same conformation in the crystal as is observed in solution by NMR. An NMR method for determining the angle of twist in a biphenyl based on the chemical shift of the ortho hydrogens was developed. Many oxidizing agents were evaluated for the oxidation of the dianion from 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene to 1,2,5,6-tetramethylenecyclooctane; cupric bromide was found to be the best.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Anions.; Organic compounds -- Synthesis.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Bates, Robert B.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleALKYLATION AND OXIDATIONS OF SYMMETRICAL DIMETHYLENEBIPHENYL AND RELATED DIANIONS (CYCLOPHANE, BIPHENYLOPHANE, NMR, CONFORMATION).en_US
dc.creatorWHITE, JAMES JEFFREY.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWHITE, JAMES JEFFREY.en_US
dc.date.issued1986en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractBis-benzyl dianions were prepared from the three symmetrical dimethylbiphenyls in yields of 79-86%, and shown to react with a variety of electrophiles on the benzylic carbons. Electrophiles included dimethyl and diethyl sulfate, isopropyl bromide, t-butyl iodide, allyl chloride, trimethylsilyl chloride, trimethylgermyl bromide, and trimethyltin chloride. Reaction of the dianions with (alpha),(omega)-dihalides provides an excellent route to n.0 - and n.0.n.0 cyclophanes. An X-ray study on 14.0 paracyclophane showed it to have a conformation different from that observed in solution by NMR; MM2 calculations were used in determining what the solution conformation is likely to be. Oxidation of the dianions produced the monomer dihydrophenanthrene from the ortho isomer, dimer 2.0.2.0 metacyclophane from the meta isomer, and polymer from the para isomer. An X-ray study on 2.0.2.0 metacyclophane showed it to have the same conformation in the crystal as is observed in solution by NMR. An NMR method for determining the angle of twist in a biphenyl based on the chemical shift of the ortho hydrogens was developed. Many oxidizing agents were evaluated for the oxidation of the dianion from 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene to 1,2,5,6-tetramethylenecyclooctane; cupric bromide was found to be the best.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectAnions.en_US
dc.subjectOrganic compounds -- Synthesis.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBates, Robert B.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8708573en_US
dc.identifier.oclc698260491en_US
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