CONFORMATIONAL AND SUBSTITUENT DEPENDENCE OF NMR COUPLING CONSTANTS.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/183959
Title:
CONFORMATIONAL AND SUBSTITUENT DEPENDENCE OF NMR COUPLING CONSTANTS.
Author:
WALTER, STEVEN ROY.
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants in high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy provide the most powerful method for determining conformations and structures of molecules in solution. The research described in this dissertation establishes the conformational and substituent dependencies of several new types of nuclear spin-spin coupling for use in structural studies. It was also of interest to determine the electronic factors which lead to the observed experimental trends. Geminal, vicinal, and four-bond carbon-carbon nuclear magnetic resonance coupling constants were studied experimentally with fifty carbon-13 enriched alicyclic compounds. Because of the small magnitudes of many of these coupling constants it ~vas necessary to modify existing Fourier transform NMR equipment to perform J-resolved two-dimensional NMR experiments. With the greater spectral resolution it was possible to determine 56 intercarbon geminal (²J(cc)), 107 vicinal (³J(cc)) and 26 four-bond (⁴J(cc)) coupling constants. These data represent the largest collection of ²J(cc), the only known data for ⁴J(cc), and the most accurate compilation of vicinal ¹³C-¹³C coupling constants. In combination with molecular orbital methods, the relevant conformational and substituent trends in each of these series were elucidated. Because of the great amount of interest in the importance of bridgehead interactions in "strained" molecules, a study is presented of coupling transmitted via nonbonded interactions between the bridgehead carbons in a series of l-substituted-bicycloalkanes. The two-dimensional Fourier transform methods were again used to obtain the experimental coupling constants and molecular orbital methods were used to determine the importance of the intercarbon bridgehead interactions on ¹H-¹H, ¹³c-¹H, ¹³C-¹³C, ¹³c-¹⁹F , and ¹H-¹⁹F coupling constants. In all cases the nonbonded interactions increased dramatically as the separation between the bridgehead carbons decreased. Further understanding of mechanisms of "through space" coupling were based on NMP. studies of the long range coupling constants (⁵J(HF) and ⁴J(HF)) in N-methyl-8-fluoroquinolinium halides. The X-ray structure of N-methyl-8-fluoroquinolinium chloride was determined in an attempt to calculate the observed ⁵J(HF) and ⁴J(HF). A selective population inversion mIR method was used to show that the sign of ⁵J(HF) in N-ethyl-8- fluoroquinolinium iodide is positive.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Coupling constants.; Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.; Nuclear magnetic resonance.; Nuclear spin.; Alicyclic compounds.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Geosciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleCONFORMATIONAL AND SUBSTITUENT DEPENDENCE OF NMR COUPLING CONSTANTS.en_US
dc.creatorWALTER, STEVEN ROY.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWALTER, STEVEN ROY.en_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractIndirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants in high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy provide the most powerful method for determining conformations and structures of molecules in solution. The research described in this dissertation establishes the conformational and substituent dependencies of several new types of nuclear spin-spin coupling for use in structural studies. It was also of interest to determine the electronic factors which lead to the observed experimental trends. Geminal, vicinal, and four-bond carbon-carbon nuclear magnetic resonance coupling constants were studied experimentally with fifty carbon-13 enriched alicyclic compounds. Because of the small magnitudes of many of these coupling constants it ~vas necessary to modify existing Fourier transform NMR equipment to perform J-resolved two-dimensional NMR experiments. With the greater spectral resolution it was possible to determine 56 intercarbon geminal (²J(cc)), 107 vicinal (³J(cc)) and 26 four-bond (⁴J(cc)) coupling constants. These data represent the largest collection of ²J(cc), the only known data for ⁴J(cc), and the most accurate compilation of vicinal ¹³C-¹³C coupling constants. In combination with molecular orbital methods, the relevant conformational and substituent trends in each of these series were elucidated. Because of the great amount of interest in the importance of bridgehead interactions in "strained" molecules, a study is presented of coupling transmitted via nonbonded interactions between the bridgehead carbons in a series of l-substituted-bicycloalkanes. The two-dimensional Fourier transform methods were again used to obtain the experimental coupling constants and molecular orbital methods were used to determine the importance of the intercarbon bridgehead interactions on ¹H-¹H, ¹³c-¹H, ¹³C-¹³C, ¹³c-¹⁹F , and ¹H-¹⁹F coupling constants. In all cases the nonbonded interactions increased dramatically as the separation between the bridgehead carbons decreased. Further understanding of mechanisms of "through space" coupling were based on NMP. studies of the long range coupling constants (⁵J(HF) and ⁴J(HF)) in N-methyl-8-fluoroquinolinium halides. The X-ray structure of N-methyl-8-fluoroquinolinium chloride was determined in an attempt to calculate the observed ⁵J(HF) and ⁴J(HF). A selective population inversion mIR method was used to show that the sign of ⁵J(HF) in N-ethyl-8- fluoroquinolinium iodide is positive.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectCoupling constants.en_US
dc.subjectNuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.en_US
dc.subjectNuclear magnetic resonance.en_US
dc.subjectNuclear spin.en_US
dc.subjectAlicyclic compounds.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeosciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8217505en_US
dc.identifier.oclc682590171en_US
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