INFINITIVE SENTENCES IN SPANISH (VERBS, INTONATION, SYNTACTIC-COMPOSITION).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/183925
Title:
INFINITIVE SENTENCES IN SPANISH (VERBS, INTONATION, SYNTACTIC-COMPOSITION).
Author:
SANDOVAL, MARIA.
Issue Date:
1986
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Spanish infinitive sentences are independent syntactic structures whose verb is an infinitive. Although they are very common in popular speech, most grammar books do not even mention them; there is no study extant which deals with them exclusively or analyzes them as sentences; and no accurate classification of them exists. Studies which include infinitive sentences are of two types: (1) those that do not consider them sentences because the notion sentence requires a verb capable of expressing person and number information; and (2) those that treat them as sentences but without analyzing them, that is, without saying what makes them sentences or what the requirements for sentencehood are. In both types, classification is arbitrary and idiosyncratic. Two current analyses of these structures, one structural and one generative, are shown to be inadequate in accounting for them. Under the structural analysis, these sentences are treated as dependent structures whose "marked" intonation permits them to function independently. As to the generative analysis, it treats them as subordinated structures whose embedding sentences--either higher performatives or reconstructed matrices based on discourse--are deleted. Both analyses are shown to be ad hoc and devoid of empirical content. A study is needed that can determine whether these structures are sentences and that can classify them rigorously and precisely. This dissertation offers a (language-particular) syntactic-composition analysis. Proposing new definitions for verb, sentence, and other related notions which are free of the problems that have beset previous studies, it shows that infinitives are capable of expressing person, number and other notions, and that infinitive sentences are sentences. It also classifies those sentences formally--by means of intonation--and presents spectrographic evidence demonstrating that they are grouped into discrete classes on the basis of purely formal features. The formal classification shows that infinitive sentences are as systematically related as are non-infinitives, thereby achieving two important generalizations: a unified treatment of all Spanish verbs and all Spanish sentences.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Spanish language -- Infinitive.; Spanish language -- Sentences.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Linguistics; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Steele, Susan

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleINFINITIVE SENTENCES IN SPANISH (VERBS, INTONATION, SYNTACTIC-COMPOSITION).en_US
dc.creatorSANDOVAL, MARIA.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSANDOVAL, MARIA.en_US
dc.date.issued1986en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractSpanish infinitive sentences are independent syntactic structures whose verb is an infinitive. Although they are very common in popular speech, most grammar books do not even mention them; there is no study extant which deals with them exclusively or analyzes them as sentences; and no accurate classification of them exists. Studies which include infinitive sentences are of two types: (1) those that do not consider them sentences because the notion sentence requires a verb capable of expressing person and number information; and (2) those that treat them as sentences but without analyzing them, that is, without saying what makes them sentences or what the requirements for sentencehood are. In both types, classification is arbitrary and idiosyncratic. Two current analyses of these structures, one structural and one generative, are shown to be inadequate in accounting for them. Under the structural analysis, these sentences are treated as dependent structures whose "marked" intonation permits them to function independently. As to the generative analysis, it treats them as subordinated structures whose embedding sentences--either higher performatives or reconstructed matrices based on discourse--are deleted. Both analyses are shown to be ad hoc and devoid of empirical content. A study is needed that can determine whether these structures are sentences and that can classify them rigorously and precisely. This dissertation offers a (language-particular) syntactic-composition analysis. Proposing new definitions for verb, sentence, and other related notions which are free of the problems that have beset previous studies, it shows that infinitives are capable of expressing person, number and other notions, and that infinitive sentences are sentences. It also classifies those sentences formally--by means of intonation--and presents spectrographic evidence demonstrating that they are grouped into discrete classes on the basis of purely formal features. The formal classification shows that infinitive sentences are as systematically related as are non-infinitives, thereby achieving two important generalizations: a unified treatment of all Spanish verbs and all Spanish sentences.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectSpanish language -- Infinitive.en_US
dc.subjectSpanish language -- Sentences.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineLinguisticsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorSteele, Susanen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberOehrle, Richarden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLehrer, Adrienneen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSaldate, Macarioen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8702354en_US
dc.identifier.oclc697829047en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.