PHOTOEMITTER MEMBRANE SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATOR (SIGNAL PROCESSING, PHASE MODULATION).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/183921
Title:
PHOTOEMITTER MEMBRANE SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATOR (SIGNAL PROCESSING, PHASE MODULATION).
Author:
LING, LAI-CHANG.
Issue Date:
1986
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Advantages of optics over electronics in signal processing derive from the fact that many operations, such as addition, multiplication, correlation, and filtering, can be performed in parallel on two-dimensional data samples. However, this advantage is attainable only if information can be input/output or processed at sufficient speed and space bandwidth. Although acousto-optic devices have been used to provide impressive throughput, they are inherently one-dimensional and do not possess any information-storage capability beyond the acoustic transit time (≤50 μs). Hence, a high-resolution high-speed two-dimensional transducer (or spatial light modulator, SLM) with real-time update capability is required. Unfortunately, none of the existing SLMs perform well enough to fully utilize the inherent speed and parallelism of the optics. This dissertation addresses the development of an SLM that has the potential to meet most of the performance requirements of advanced optical information-processing applications--the photoemitter membrane light modulator (PEMLM). At the heart of the PEMLM is a microchannel plate (MCP) with a flexible membrane covering each pore. In operation, the write image incident on a photocathode, which is placed on the input side of the MCP, creates an electron image. This electron image is then amplified by the MCP and deposited onto the membrane array. The membrane elements, which are electrically and mechanically isolated from each other, are deflected by the induced electrostatic forces. These deflections represent the stored information. Readout of stored information is accomplished by sensing the phase changes induced in an optical-readout beam reflected from the deformed membrane array. A sandwich-type electrostatic grid structure positioned between the MCP and membrane greatly enhances the versatility of the PEMLM by facilitating the use of secondary emission for active electron removal and various intrinsic operations. The theoretical analysis and experimental characterizations performed on prototype devices indicates that PEMLM is capable of higher throughput than most other SLMs, with expected resolutions approaching 50 lp/mm over 10⁷ resolution elements and framing rates greater than 1 KHz. MCP gains provides quantum-limited sensitivity. The PEMLM also promises information-storage times of minutes to hours, greater than 2π phase modulation, good image quality, and an option for serial addressing. In addition, the PEMLM can intrinsically perform operations such as intensity thresholding, contrast modification, edge enhancement, binary logic, synchronous detection, and image addition/subtraction.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Optics.; Signal processing.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Optical Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Fisher, Arthur; Barrett, Harrison

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titlePHOTOEMITTER MEMBRANE SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATOR (SIGNAL PROCESSING, PHASE MODULATION).en_US
dc.creatorLING, LAI-CHANG.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLING, LAI-CHANG.en_US
dc.date.issued1986en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractAdvantages of optics over electronics in signal processing derive from the fact that many operations, such as addition, multiplication, correlation, and filtering, can be performed in parallel on two-dimensional data samples. However, this advantage is attainable only if information can be input/output or processed at sufficient speed and space bandwidth. Although acousto-optic devices have been used to provide impressive throughput, they are inherently one-dimensional and do not possess any information-storage capability beyond the acoustic transit time (≤50 μs). Hence, a high-resolution high-speed two-dimensional transducer (or spatial light modulator, SLM) with real-time update capability is required. Unfortunately, none of the existing SLMs perform well enough to fully utilize the inherent speed and parallelism of the optics. This dissertation addresses the development of an SLM that has the potential to meet most of the performance requirements of advanced optical information-processing applications--the photoemitter membrane light modulator (PEMLM). At the heart of the PEMLM is a microchannel plate (MCP) with a flexible membrane covering each pore. In operation, the write image incident on a photocathode, which is placed on the input side of the MCP, creates an electron image. This electron image is then amplified by the MCP and deposited onto the membrane array. The membrane elements, which are electrically and mechanically isolated from each other, are deflected by the induced electrostatic forces. These deflections represent the stored information. Readout of stored information is accomplished by sensing the phase changes induced in an optical-readout beam reflected from the deformed membrane array. A sandwich-type electrostatic grid structure positioned between the MCP and membrane greatly enhances the versatility of the PEMLM by facilitating the use of secondary emission for active electron removal and various intrinsic operations. The theoretical analysis and experimental characterizations performed on prototype devices indicates that PEMLM is capable of higher throughput than most other SLMs, with expected resolutions approaching 50 lp/mm over 10⁷ resolution elements and framing rates greater than 1 KHz. MCP gains provides quantum-limited sensitivity. The PEMLM also promises information-storage times of minutes to hours, greater than 2π phase modulation, good image quality, and an option for serial addressing. In addition, the PEMLM can intrinsically perform operations such as intensity thresholding, contrast modification, edge enhancement, binary logic, synchronous detection, and image addition/subtraction.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectOptics.en_US
dc.subjectSignal processing.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorFisher, Arthuren_US
dc.contributor.advisorBarrett, Harrisonen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8702349en_US
dc.identifier.oclc697835503en_US
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