Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/183895
Title:
COGNITIVE ADAPTATION AND THE SCHOOLAGER WITH ASTHMA.
Author:
HOWARD, JOANNE KAY HERGENROTHER.
Issue Date:
1986
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the interrelationships among the themes of Taylor's (1983) Cognitive Adaptation Theory for schoolagers with asthma. In addition, the influence of Taylor's (1983) themes on the children's social behavior was also tested. The three themes of Taylor's (1983) theory included A Search for Meaning, Restoration of Self-Esteem, and Gaining a Sense of Self-Mastery. Two components of A Search for Meaning included the Impact of Disease and the Cause of Disease. Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors was the index of social behavior. Forty-five Caucasian children between the ages of seven and ten years who had a diagnosis of asthma and did not have any mental disability were the convenient sample. Data were collected in the children's homes. Three questionnaires and two interviews were used to measure Taylor's (1983) themes and Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors. Descriptive statistics were used to answer the research questions and provide additional findings related to the conceptual framework. Two relationships among Taylor's (1983) themes were significant (p ≤ .05). Children who reported greater impact of asthma upon their lives (Impact of Disease) reported lower self-esteem (Restoration of Self-Esteem). Children who reported greater impact of asthma upon their lives (Impact of Disease) also reported a lesser internal locus of control orientation (Gaining a Sense of Self-Mastery). The Cause of Disease was the only concept which correlated significantly with Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors and thus, influenced this concept. Children who named a cause for their asthma reported more relating and cooperating skills. The Cause of Disease explained 6.5% of the variance for Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors. Characteristics of the children's asthma condition and their families were significantly related to the themes of Taylor's (1983) theory and Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors. Developmental differences were found from age group analyses. The classification of the children's responses for the cause of asthma and reliability and validity estimation for the HIIS were also reported. Five potential sources of error which may have affected the findings included design, instrument, subject, investigator, and specification errors. Suggestions for future research with the conceptual framework were discussed.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Adjustment (Psychology); Chronic diseases -- Psychological aspects.; Cognition in children.; Chronically ill children.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Nursing; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Mudrdaugh, Carolyn

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleCOGNITIVE ADAPTATION AND THE SCHOOLAGER WITH ASTHMA.en_US
dc.creatorHOWARD, JOANNE KAY HERGENROTHER.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHOWARD, JOANNE KAY HERGENROTHER.en_US
dc.date.issued1986en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the interrelationships among the themes of Taylor's (1983) Cognitive Adaptation Theory for schoolagers with asthma. In addition, the influence of Taylor's (1983) themes on the children's social behavior was also tested. The three themes of Taylor's (1983) theory included A Search for Meaning, Restoration of Self-Esteem, and Gaining a Sense of Self-Mastery. Two components of A Search for Meaning included the Impact of Disease and the Cause of Disease. Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors was the index of social behavior. Forty-five Caucasian children between the ages of seven and ten years who had a diagnosis of asthma and did not have any mental disability were the convenient sample. Data were collected in the children's homes. Three questionnaires and two interviews were used to measure Taylor's (1983) themes and Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors. Descriptive statistics were used to answer the research questions and provide additional findings related to the conceptual framework. Two relationships among Taylor's (1983) themes were significant (p ≤ .05). Children who reported greater impact of asthma upon their lives (Impact of Disease) reported lower self-esteem (Restoration of Self-Esteem). Children who reported greater impact of asthma upon their lives (Impact of Disease) also reported a lesser internal locus of control orientation (Gaining a Sense of Self-Mastery). The Cause of Disease was the only concept which correlated significantly with Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors and thus, influenced this concept. Children who named a cause for their asthma reported more relating and cooperating skills. The Cause of Disease explained 6.5% of the variance for Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors. Characteristics of the children's asthma condition and their families were significantly related to the themes of Taylor's (1983) theory and Relating Behaviors-Cooperating Behaviors. Developmental differences were found from age group analyses. The classification of the children's responses for the cause of asthma and reliability and validity estimation for the HIIS were also reported. Five potential sources of error which may have affected the findings included design, instrument, subject, investigator, and specification errors. Suggestions for future research with the conceptual framework were discussed.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectAdjustment (Psychology)en_US
dc.subjectChronic diseases -- Psychological aspects.en_US
dc.subjectCognition in children.en_US
dc.subjectChronically ill children.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineNursingen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairMudrdaugh, Carolynen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAamodt, Agnes M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberReed, Pamen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8624358en_US
dc.identifier.oclc697811271en_US
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