GARNET-ORTHOPYROXENE EQUILIBRIA IN THE FMAS SYSTEM: EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDIES, AND GEOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS (GEOTHERMOMETRY, GEOBAROMETRY).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/183775
Title:
GARNET-ORTHOPYROXENE EQUILIBRIA IN THE FMAS SYSTEM: EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDIES, AND GEOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS (GEOTHERMOMETRY, GEOBAROMETRY).
Author:
LEE, HAN YEANG.
Issue Date:
1986
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Equilibrium relations between garnet and orthopyroxene have been investigated by reversal experiments in the range of 20-45Kb and 975-1400°C in the FeO-MgO-Al₂O₃-SiO₂(FMAS) system. The Fe-Mg exchange reaction seems to have little or no compositional dependence at these conditions. The experimental results can be fitted adequately by the linear relation: ln K(D) = 2243/T°K - 0.9522 at 25Kb where K(D) = (X(Fe)/X(Mg))ᴳᵗ/(X(Fe)/X(Mg))ᴼᵖˣ. Combination of the available data for the mixing properties of garnet and V° for the Fe-Mg exchange reaction with the above experimental results yields the following geothermometric expression for the common natural assemblages that can be represented essentially within the system CaO-MnO-FeO-MgO-Al₂O₃-SiO₂. T°K = (1968 + 11P(Kb) + 1510(X(Ca)+X(Mn))ᴳᵗ)/(ln K(D) + 0.9522). The stability field of pyrope+quartz, defined by the reaction pryope+quartz=opx+sill, has been calculated as a function of P,T,X(Fe)ᴳᵗ in the FMAS system using the reversal experimental data of Perkins (1983) in the MAS system, and the present data on K(D)(Fe-Mg) between garnet and orthopyroxene. This reaction is very sensitive to pressure and compositional effects. Combination of P,T conditions for the garnet stability and that defined by (K(D)(Fe-Mg))ᴳᵗ⁻ᴼᵖˣ yields a simultaneous solution for both P and T of equilibration of garnet and orthopyroxene in the presence of Al₂SiO₅ and SiO₂. The effect of FeO on Al₂O₃ solubility in orthopyroxene in equilibrium with garnet has been determined experimentally at several pressures at 975 and 1200°C. These data have been modeled to develop a thermodynamic method for the calculation of Al₂O₃ in orthopyroxene as a function of P,T and composition. The Al₂O₃ isopleths have moderate P-T slopes, and provide virtually the only means of determining the pressure of mantle derived rocks.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Earth temperature.; Silicate minerals -- Stability.; Garnet -- Stability.; Mineralogy, Determinative.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Geosciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Ganguly, J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleGARNET-ORTHOPYROXENE EQUILIBRIA IN THE FMAS SYSTEM: EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDIES, AND GEOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS (GEOTHERMOMETRY, GEOBAROMETRY).en_US
dc.creatorLEE, HAN YEANG.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLEE, HAN YEANG.en_US
dc.date.issued1986en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractEquilibrium relations between garnet and orthopyroxene have been investigated by reversal experiments in the range of 20-45Kb and 975-1400°C in the FeO-MgO-Al₂O₃-SiO₂(FMAS) system. The Fe-Mg exchange reaction seems to have little or no compositional dependence at these conditions. The experimental results can be fitted adequately by the linear relation: ln K(D) = 2243/T°K - 0.9522 at 25Kb where K(D) = (X(Fe)/X(Mg))ᴳᵗ/(X(Fe)/X(Mg))ᴼᵖˣ. Combination of the available data for the mixing properties of garnet and V° for the Fe-Mg exchange reaction with the above experimental results yields the following geothermometric expression for the common natural assemblages that can be represented essentially within the system CaO-MnO-FeO-MgO-Al₂O₃-SiO₂. T°K = (1968 + 11P(Kb) + 1510(X(Ca)+X(Mn))ᴳᵗ)/(ln K(D) + 0.9522). The stability field of pyrope+quartz, defined by the reaction pryope+quartz=opx+sill, has been calculated as a function of P,T,X(Fe)ᴳᵗ in the FMAS system using the reversal experimental data of Perkins (1983) in the MAS system, and the present data on K(D)(Fe-Mg) between garnet and orthopyroxene. This reaction is very sensitive to pressure and compositional effects. Combination of P,T conditions for the garnet stability and that defined by (K(D)(Fe-Mg))ᴳᵗ⁻ᴼᵖˣ yields a simultaneous solution for both P and T of equilibration of garnet and orthopyroxene in the presence of Al₂SiO₅ and SiO₂. The effect of FeO on Al₂O₃ solubility in orthopyroxene in equilibrium with garnet has been determined experimentally at several pressures at 975 and 1200°C. These data have been modeled to develop a thermodynamic method for the calculation of Al₂O₃ in orthopyroxene as a function of P,T and composition. The Al₂O₃ isopleths have moderate P-T slopes, and provide virtually the only means of determining the pressure of mantle derived rocks.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectEarth temperature.en_US
dc.subjectSilicate minerals -- Stability.en_US
dc.subjectGarnet -- Stability.en_US
dc.subjectMineralogy, Determinative.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeosciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorGanguly, J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDamon, P.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDrake, M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEastoe, C.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRuiz, J.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8613823en_US
dc.identifier.oclc697529291en_US
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