Elucidation of Dissolved Organic Matter Interactions with Model Contaminants of Emerging Concern

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/145461
Title:
Elucidation of Dissolved Organic Matter Interactions with Model Contaminants of Emerging Concern
Author:
Hernandez Ruiz, Selene
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This study examined the interaction of model cationic, neutral and anionic endocrine disrupting compounds, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (EDC/PPCPs) with bulk and fractionated freshwater and waste water dissolved organic matter (DOM). The chemical composition of the freshwater DOM (Suwannee River, GA, SROM) proved to be rich in plant-derived hydrophobic aromatics, while the wastewater DOM (WWOM) contained a greater proportion of microbial biomolecular products, presumably resulting mainly from human waste. Studies focused on the fluorescence quenching of excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) of WWOM indicated that interaction with bis-phenol A (BPA), carbamazepine (CBZ), and ibuprofen (IBU) occurred preferentially with soluble protein-like and fulvic acid-like constituents. However, upon introduction to bulk SROM, BPA and CBZ were observed to quench humic acid-like regions of the EEMs, while negatively charged ibuprofen preferentially quenched the protein-like and fulvic acid components irrespective of DOM source and/or fraction. Despite this evidence of EDC/PPCP interactions with both DOM types, the strength of bonds formed was generally not sufficient to preclude full recovery and quantification of all three contaminants by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MSMS). An important exception, however, was for the hydrophilic acid fraction (HiA) of both DOM types, whose apparent bonding to cationic CBZ and anionic IBU significantly diminished LC-MSMS recovery. Thus, water sources rich in HiA character might produce a concentration underestimation of ionized EDC/PPCPs even with the use of sophisticated instruments such as LC-MSMS.The results of this research are consistent with the evolving ""supramolecular"" theory of natural organic matter, which postulates that organic matter itself is comprised of fragments of partially degraded biomolecules that are aggregated into ""supramolecular"" structures of apparent higher molar mass via relatively weak electrostatic, hydrophobic, and van der Waals interaction. Our findings suggest that EDC/PPCP contaminants, which comprise many of the same functional groups as waste water and freshwater DOM, may be incorporated into such DOM supramolecular structures, likely via the same types of intermolecular bonding, when they are present in natural waters under environmentally-relevant conditions.
Type:
Electronic Dissertation; text
Keywords:
Complex; Emerging contaminant; Fluorescence; LC-MSMS; Organic Matter; Wastewater
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Soil, Water & Environmental Science
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Chorover, Jon

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleElucidation of Dissolved Organic Matter Interactions with Model Contaminants of Emerging Concernen_US
dc.creatorHernandez Ruiz, Seleneen_US
dc.contributor.authorHernandez Ruiz, Seleneen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study examined the interaction of model cationic, neutral and anionic endocrine disrupting compounds, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (EDC/PPCPs) with bulk and fractionated freshwater and waste water dissolved organic matter (DOM). The chemical composition of the freshwater DOM (Suwannee River, GA, SROM) proved to be rich in plant-derived hydrophobic aromatics, while the wastewater DOM (WWOM) contained a greater proportion of microbial biomolecular products, presumably resulting mainly from human waste. Studies focused on the fluorescence quenching of excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) of WWOM indicated that interaction with bis-phenol A (BPA), carbamazepine (CBZ), and ibuprofen (IBU) occurred preferentially with soluble protein-like and fulvic acid-like constituents. However, upon introduction to bulk SROM, BPA and CBZ were observed to quench humic acid-like regions of the EEMs, while negatively charged ibuprofen preferentially quenched the protein-like and fulvic acid components irrespective of DOM source and/or fraction. Despite this evidence of EDC/PPCP interactions with both DOM types, the strength of bonds formed was generally not sufficient to preclude full recovery and quantification of all three contaminants by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MSMS). An important exception, however, was for the hydrophilic acid fraction (HiA) of both DOM types, whose apparent bonding to cationic CBZ and anionic IBU significantly diminished LC-MSMS recovery. Thus, water sources rich in HiA character might produce a concentration underestimation of ionized EDC/PPCPs even with the use of sophisticated instruments such as LC-MSMS.The results of this research are consistent with the evolving ""supramolecular"" theory of natural organic matter, which postulates that organic matter itself is comprised of fragments of partially degraded biomolecules that are aggregated into ""supramolecular"" structures of apparent higher molar mass via relatively weak electrostatic, hydrophobic, and van der Waals interaction. Our findings suggest that EDC/PPCP contaminants, which comprise many of the same functional groups as waste water and freshwater DOM, may be incorporated into such DOM supramolecular structures, likely via the same types of intermolecular bonding, when they are present in natural waters under environmentally-relevant conditions.en_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectComplexen_US
dc.subjectEmerging contaminanten_US
dc.subjectFluorescenceen_US
dc.subjectLC-MSMSen_US
dc.subjectOrganic Matteren_US
dc.subjectWastewateren_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSoil, Water & Environmental Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorChorover, Jonen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberQuanrud, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBrusseau, Marken_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCurry, Joanen_US
dc.identifier.proquest11607-
dc.identifier.oclc752261466-
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