Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/145409
Title:
Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging Stokes Polarimeter
Author:
Jones, Julia Craven
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This work presents the design, development, and testing of a field portable imaging spectropolarimeter that operates over the short-wavelength and middle-wavelength portion of the infrared spectrum. The sensor includes a pair of sapphire Wollaston prisms and several high order retarders to produce the first infrared implementation of an imaging Fourier transform spectropolarimeter, providing for the measurement of the complete spectropolarimetric datacube over the passband. The Wollaston prisms serve as a birefringent interferometer with reduced sensitivity to vibration when compared to an unequal path interferometer, such as a Michelson. Polarimetric data are acquired through the use of channeled spectropolarimetry to modulate the spectrum with the Stokes parameter information. The collected interferogram is Fourier filtered and reconstructed to recover the spatially and spectrally varying Stokes vector data across the image.The intent of this dissertation is to provide the reader with a detailed understanding of the steps involved in the development of this infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter (IHIP) instrument. First, Chapter 1 provides an overview of the fundamental concepts relevant to this research. These include imaging spectrometers, polarimeters, and spectropolarimeters. A detailed discussion of channeled spectropolarimetry, including a historical study of previous implementations, is also presented. Next a few of the design alternatives that are possible for this work are outlined and discussed in Chapter 2. The configuration that was selected for the IHIP is then presented in detail, including the optical layout, design, and operation. Chapter 3 then presents an artifact reduction technique (ART) that was developed to improve the IHIP's spectropolarimetric reconstructions by reducing errors associated with non-band-limited spectral features. ART is experimentally verified in the infrared using a commercial Fourier transform spectrometer in combination with Yttrium Vanadate as well as Cadmium Sulfide retarders.The remainder of this dissertation then details the testing and analysis of the IHIP instrument. Implementation of ART with the IHIP as well as the employed calibration techniques are described in Chapter 4. Complete calibration of the IHIP includes three distinct processes to provide radiometric, spectral, and polarimetric calibration. With the instrument assembled and calibrated, results and error analyses are presented in Chapter 5. Spectropolarimetric results are obtained in the laboratory as well as outdoors to test the IHIP's real world functionality. The performance of the instrument is also assessed, including experimental measurement of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and an analysis of the potential sources of systematic error (such as retarder misalignment and finite polarizer extinction ratio). Chapter 6 presents the design and experimental results for a variable Wollaston prism that can be added to the IHIP to vary the fringe contrast across the field of view. Finally, Chapter 7 includes brief closing remarks summarizing this work and a few observations which may be useful for future infrared imaging Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimeter instruments.
Type:
Electronic Dissertation; text
Keywords:
Fourier transform spectrometer; infrared imager; polarimeter; Wollaston prisms
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Optical Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Dereniak, Eustace L.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleInfrared Hyperspectral Imaging Stokes Polarimeteren_US
dc.creatorJones, Julia Cravenen_US
dc.contributor.authorJones, Julia Cravenen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis work presents the design, development, and testing of a field portable imaging spectropolarimeter that operates over the short-wavelength and middle-wavelength portion of the infrared spectrum. The sensor includes a pair of sapphire Wollaston prisms and several high order retarders to produce the first infrared implementation of an imaging Fourier transform spectropolarimeter, providing for the measurement of the complete spectropolarimetric datacube over the passband. The Wollaston prisms serve as a birefringent interferometer with reduced sensitivity to vibration when compared to an unequal path interferometer, such as a Michelson. Polarimetric data are acquired through the use of channeled spectropolarimetry to modulate the spectrum with the Stokes parameter information. The collected interferogram is Fourier filtered and reconstructed to recover the spatially and spectrally varying Stokes vector data across the image.The intent of this dissertation is to provide the reader with a detailed understanding of the steps involved in the development of this infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter (IHIP) instrument. First, Chapter 1 provides an overview of the fundamental concepts relevant to this research. These include imaging spectrometers, polarimeters, and spectropolarimeters. A detailed discussion of channeled spectropolarimetry, including a historical study of previous implementations, is also presented. Next a few of the design alternatives that are possible for this work are outlined and discussed in Chapter 2. The configuration that was selected for the IHIP is then presented in detail, including the optical layout, design, and operation. Chapter 3 then presents an artifact reduction technique (ART) that was developed to improve the IHIP's spectropolarimetric reconstructions by reducing errors associated with non-band-limited spectral features. ART is experimentally verified in the infrared using a commercial Fourier transform spectrometer in combination with Yttrium Vanadate as well as Cadmium Sulfide retarders.The remainder of this dissertation then details the testing and analysis of the IHIP instrument. Implementation of ART with the IHIP as well as the employed calibration techniques are described in Chapter 4. Complete calibration of the IHIP includes three distinct processes to provide radiometric, spectral, and polarimetric calibration. With the instrument assembled and calibrated, results and error analyses are presented in Chapter 5. Spectropolarimetric results are obtained in the laboratory as well as outdoors to test the IHIP's real world functionality. The performance of the instrument is also assessed, including experimental measurement of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and an analysis of the potential sources of systematic error (such as retarder misalignment and finite polarizer extinction ratio). Chapter 6 presents the design and experimental results for a variable Wollaston prism that can be added to the IHIP to vary the fringe contrast across the field of view. Finally, Chapter 7 includes brief closing remarks summarizing this work and a few observations which may be useful for future infrared imaging Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimeter instruments.en_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectFourier transform spectrometeren_US
dc.subjectinfrared imageren_US
dc.subjectpolarimeteren_US
dc.subjectWollaston prismsen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorDereniak, Eustace L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMilster, Thomasen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTyo, J. Scotten_US
dc.identifier.proquest11463-
dc.identifier.oclc752261331-
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