Mobius Structures, Einstein Metrics, and Discrete Conformal Variations on Piecewise Flat Two and Three Dimensional Manifolds

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/145313
Title:
Mobius Structures, Einstein Metrics, and Discrete Conformal Variations on Piecewise Flat Two and Three Dimensional Manifolds
Author:
Champion, Daniel James
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Spherical, Euclidean, and hyperbolic simplices can be characterized by the dihedral angles on their codimension-two faces. These characterizations analyze the Gram matrix, a matrix with entries given by cosines of dihedral angles. Hyperideal hyperbolic simplices are non-compact generalizations of hyperbolic simplices wherein the vertices lie outside hyperbolic space. We extend recent characterization results to include fully general hyperideal simplices. Our analysis utilizes the Gram matrix, however we use inversive distances instead of dihedral angles to accommodate fully general hyperideal simplices.For two-dimensional triangulations, an angle structure is an assignment of three face angles to each triangle. An angle structure permits a globally consistent scaling provided the faces can be simultaneously scaled so that any two contiguous faces assign the same length to their common edge. We show that a class of symmetric Euclidean angle structures permits globally consistent scalings. We develop a notion of virtual scaling to accommodate spherical and hyperbolic triangles of differing curvatures and show that a class of symmetric spherical and hyperbolic angle structures permit globally consistent virtual scalings.The double tetrahedron is a triangulation of the three-sphere obtained by gluing two congruent tetrahedra along their boundaries. The pentachoron is a triangulation of the three-sphere obtained from the boundary of the 4-simplex. As piecewise flat manifolds, the geometries of the double tetrahedron and pentachoron are determined by edge lengths that gives rise to a notion of a metric. We study notions of Einstein metrics on the double tetrahedron and pentachoron. Our analysis utilizes Regge's Einstein-Hilbert functional, a piecewise flat analogue of the Einstein-Hilbert (or total scalar curvature) functional on Riemannian manifolds.A notion of conformal structure on a two dimensional piecewise flat manifold is given by a set of edge constants wherein edge lengths are calculated from the edge constants and vertex based parameters. A conformal variation is a smooth one parameter family of the vertex parameters. The analysis of conformal variations often involves the study of degenerating triangles, where a face angle approaches zero. We show for a conformal variation that remains weighted Delaunay, if the conformal parameters are bounded then no triangle degenerations can occur.
Type:
Electronic Dissertation; text
Keywords:
Delaunay; double tetrahedron; Einstein metric; hyperbolic; pentachoron; simplex
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Mathematics
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Glickenstein, David

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleMobius Structures, Einstein Metrics, and Discrete Conformal Variations on Piecewise Flat Two and Three Dimensional Manifoldsen_US
dc.creatorChampion, Daniel Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.authorChampion, Daniel Jamesen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractSpherical, Euclidean, and hyperbolic simplices can be characterized by the dihedral angles on their codimension-two faces. These characterizations analyze the Gram matrix, a matrix with entries given by cosines of dihedral angles. Hyperideal hyperbolic simplices are non-compact generalizations of hyperbolic simplices wherein the vertices lie outside hyperbolic space. We extend recent characterization results to include fully general hyperideal simplices. Our analysis utilizes the Gram matrix, however we use inversive distances instead of dihedral angles to accommodate fully general hyperideal simplices.For two-dimensional triangulations, an angle structure is an assignment of three face angles to each triangle. An angle structure permits a globally consistent scaling provided the faces can be simultaneously scaled so that any two contiguous faces assign the same length to their common edge. We show that a class of symmetric Euclidean angle structures permits globally consistent scalings. We develop a notion of virtual scaling to accommodate spherical and hyperbolic triangles of differing curvatures and show that a class of symmetric spherical and hyperbolic angle structures permit globally consistent virtual scalings.The double tetrahedron is a triangulation of the three-sphere obtained by gluing two congruent tetrahedra along their boundaries. The pentachoron is a triangulation of the three-sphere obtained from the boundary of the 4-simplex. As piecewise flat manifolds, the geometries of the double tetrahedron and pentachoron are determined by edge lengths that gives rise to a notion of a metric. We study notions of Einstein metrics on the double tetrahedron and pentachoron. Our analysis utilizes Regge's Einstein-Hilbert functional, a piecewise flat analogue of the Einstein-Hilbert (or total scalar curvature) functional on Riemannian manifolds.A notion of conformal structure on a two dimensional piecewise flat manifold is given by a set of edge constants wherein edge lengths are calculated from the edge constants and vertex based parameters. A conformal variation is a smooth one parameter family of the vertex parameters. The analysis of conformal variations often involves the study of degenerating triangles, where a face angle approaches zero. We show for a conformal variation that remains weighted Delaunay, if the conformal parameters are bounded then no triangle degenerations can occur.en_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectDelaunayen_US
dc.subjectdouble tetrahedronen_US
dc.subjectEinstein metricen_US
dc.subjecthyperbolicen_US
dc.subjectpentachoronen_US
dc.subjectsimplexen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMathematicsen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorGlickenstein, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEfrat, Alonen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberErcolani, Nicken_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPickrell, Dougen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberYoung, Andreaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest11469-
dc.identifier.oclc752261337-
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.