Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/145298
Title:
Eyespot Assembly and Positioning in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Author:
Boyd, Joseph Samuel
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The eyespot of the biflagellate unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a complex organelle that facilitates directional responses of the cell to environmental light stimuli. The eyespot, which assembles de novo after every cell division and retains a distinctive association with the microtubule cytoskeleton, comprises an elliptical patch of rhodopsin photoreceptors in the plasma membrane and stacks of carotenoid-rich pigment granule arrays in the chloroplast and serves as a model for understanding how organelles are formed and placed asymmetrically in the cell. This study describes the roles of several factors in the assembly and positioning of the eyespot. Two loci, EYE2 and EYE3, define factors involved in the formation and organization of the eyespot pigment granule arrays. Whereas EYE3, a serine/threonine kinase of the ABC1 family, localizes to pigment granules, EYE2 localization corresponds to an area of the chloroplast envelope in the eyespot. These proteins play interdependent roles: EYE2 and the ChR1 photoreceptor co-position in the absence of pigment granules, and the pigment granules are required to maintain the shape and integrity of the EYE2/ChR1 patch. The miniature-eyespot locus MIN2 affects eyespot size and likely regulates the amount of material available for eyespot assembly. The MLT2 locus regulates eyespot size, number, and asymmetry. A novel locus, PEY1, modulates the position of the eyespot on the anterior-posterior axis by affecting microtubule rootlet length. A working model is developed wherein rootlet microtubule-directed photoreceptor localization establishes connections in the chloroplast envelope with EYE2, which directs the site for pigment granule array assembly, and MLT2 is proposed to negatively regulate the levels of eyespot proteins.
Type:
Electronic Dissertation; text
Keywords:
Chlamydomonas; eyespot; microtubule rootlet; organelle biogenesis
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Molecular & Cellular Biology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Dieckmann, Carol L.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleEyespot Assembly and Positioning in Chlamydomonas reinhardtiien_US
dc.creatorBoyd, Joseph Samuelen_US
dc.contributor.authorBoyd, Joseph Samuelen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe eyespot of the biflagellate unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a complex organelle that facilitates directional responses of the cell to environmental light stimuli. The eyespot, which assembles de novo after every cell division and retains a distinctive association with the microtubule cytoskeleton, comprises an elliptical patch of rhodopsin photoreceptors in the plasma membrane and stacks of carotenoid-rich pigment granule arrays in the chloroplast and serves as a model for understanding how organelles are formed and placed asymmetrically in the cell. This study describes the roles of several factors in the assembly and positioning of the eyespot. Two loci, EYE2 and EYE3, define factors involved in the formation and organization of the eyespot pigment granule arrays. Whereas EYE3, a serine/threonine kinase of the ABC1 family, localizes to pigment granules, EYE2 localization corresponds to an area of the chloroplast envelope in the eyespot. These proteins play interdependent roles: EYE2 and the ChR1 photoreceptor co-position in the absence of pigment granules, and the pigment granules are required to maintain the shape and integrity of the EYE2/ChR1 patch. The miniature-eyespot locus MIN2 affects eyespot size and likely regulates the amount of material available for eyespot assembly. The MLT2 locus regulates eyespot size, number, and asymmetry. A novel locus, PEY1, modulates the position of the eyespot on the anterior-posterior axis by affecting microtubule rootlet length. A working model is developed wherein rootlet microtubule-directed photoreceptor localization establishes connections in the chloroplast envelope with EYE2, which directs the site for pigment granule array assembly, and MLT2 is proposed to negatively regulate the levels of eyespot proteins.en_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectChlamydomonasen_US
dc.subjecteyespoten_US
dc.subjectmicrotubule rootleten_US
dc.subjectorganelle biogenesisen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMolecular & Cellular Biologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorDieckmann, Carol L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWeinert, Teden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTax, Frans E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberNagy, Lisaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFares, Hannaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest11484-
dc.identifier.oclc752261352-
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