Depression and Coronary Heart Disease: Improving Patient Outcomes in Outpatient Cardiology Practice

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/145105
Title:
Depression and Coronary Heart Disease: Improving Patient Outcomes in Outpatient Cardiology Practice
Author:
Lochner, Mary Beth
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Strong evidence has been found to link the diagnosis of CHD with depression, and patients with all CHD-related diagnoses and co-morbid depression display higher morbidity and mortality from CHD than those individuals without depression. Screening and treatment of depression by cardiology clinicians continues to be limited due to poor symptom recognition and lack of desire to treat perceived primary care conditions in specialty practice. The American Heart Association has designated timely assessment and treatment/referral of depression as primary goals for high-quality evidenced-based cardiology care to improve patient outcomes in CHD.This study employed a quasi-experimental descriptive pretest-posttest study design for the purposes of (1) understanding diagnostic and treatment practices for depression in the presence of CHD by nurse practitioner and physician cardiology providers (n=35) in a large metropolitan private outpatient cardiology practice and; (2) adaptation of a valid and reliable depression screening tool (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) to an existing electronic medical record system for use in the sample practice.Findings from the study showed that even though all providers (100%) believed that depression inhibited patients' ability to make positive CHD risk-reducing lifestyle changes, and the majority (73.7%) felt that depression contributed to the progression of CHD, no formal screening for depression was being performed. Less than half (42.1%) of providers in the sample treated depression in their clinic practice, and the large majority (89.5%) referred patients back to primary providers for all depression care.Since 2008 guidelines for depression care by cardiology providers were recommended by the American Heart Association (endorsed by the American Psychiatric Association), it is questionable if these recommendations are filtering down to outpatient cardiology practice. Provider education to improve confidence with depression screening and treatment, and provision of concise easy-to-use care templates in outpatient EMR systems may help to improve compliance with recommendations while maximizing patient outcomes for depressed CHD patients.Advanced practice nurses have been consistently instrumental in the development and management of performance-enhancing processes that improve care quality and patient outcomes. As nursing practice leaders, nurse practitioners should be progressive in supporting implementation of best-practice for depression care in outpatient cardiology practice settings.
Type:
Electronic Dissertation; text
Keywords:
coronary heart disease; depression; nurse practitioner; out patient practice; physicians
Degree Name:
D.N.P.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Nursing
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Moore, Ida K

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDepression and Coronary Heart Disease: Improving Patient Outcomes in Outpatient Cardiology Practiceen_US
dc.creatorLochner, Mary Bethen_US
dc.contributor.authorLochner, Mary Bethen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractStrong evidence has been found to link the diagnosis of CHD with depression, and patients with all CHD-related diagnoses and co-morbid depression display higher morbidity and mortality from CHD than those individuals without depression. Screening and treatment of depression by cardiology clinicians continues to be limited due to poor symptom recognition and lack of desire to treat perceived primary care conditions in specialty practice. The American Heart Association has designated timely assessment and treatment/referral of depression as primary goals for high-quality evidenced-based cardiology care to improve patient outcomes in CHD.This study employed a quasi-experimental descriptive pretest-posttest study design for the purposes of (1) understanding diagnostic and treatment practices for depression in the presence of CHD by nurse practitioner and physician cardiology providers (n=35) in a large metropolitan private outpatient cardiology practice and; (2) adaptation of a valid and reliable depression screening tool (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) to an existing electronic medical record system for use in the sample practice.Findings from the study showed that even though all providers (100%) believed that depression inhibited patients' ability to make positive CHD risk-reducing lifestyle changes, and the majority (73.7%) felt that depression contributed to the progression of CHD, no formal screening for depression was being performed. Less than half (42.1%) of providers in the sample treated depression in their clinic practice, and the large majority (89.5%) referred patients back to primary providers for all depression care.Since 2008 guidelines for depression care by cardiology providers were recommended by the American Heart Association (endorsed by the American Psychiatric Association), it is questionable if these recommendations are filtering down to outpatient cardiology practice. Provider education to improve confidence with depression screening and treatment, and provision of concise easy-to-use care templates in outpatient EMR systems may help to improve compliance with recommendations while maximizing patient outcomes for depressed CHD patients.Advanced practice nurses have been consistently instrumental in the development and management of performance-enhancing processes that improve care quality and patient outcomes. As nursing practice leaders, nurse practitioners should be progressive in supporting implementation of best-practice for depression care in outpatient cardiology practice settings.en_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectcoronary heart diseaseen_US
dc.subjectdepressionen_US
dc.subjectnurse practitioneren_US
dc.subjectout patient practiceen_US
dc.subjectphysiciansen_US
thesis.degree.nameD.N.P.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineNursingen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMoore, Ida Ken_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRitter, Leslieen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCrist, Janiceen_US
dc.identifier.proquest11558-
dc.identifier.oclc752261421-
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