Network Structure, Self-Organization and the Growth of International Collaboration in Science. Research Policy, 34(10), 2005, 1608-1618.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/106478
Title:
Network Structure, Self-Organization and the Growth of International Collaboration in Science. Research Policy, 34(10), 2005, 1608-1618.
Author:
Wagner, Caroline S.; Leydesdorff, Loet
Citation:
Network Structure, Self-Organization and the Growth of International Collaboration in Science. Research Policy, 34(10), 2005, 1608-1618. 2005,
Issue Date:
2005
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/106478
Submitted date:
2006-10-25
Abstract:
Using data from co-authorships at the international level in all fields of science in 1990 and 2000, and within six case studies at the sub-field level in 2000, different explanations for the growth of international collaboration in science and technology are explored. We find that few of the explanations within the literature can be supported by a detailed review of the growth of international collaboration during the 1990s. We hypothesize that growth may be due to recognition and rewards as ordering mechanisms within the system. We apply new tools emerging from network science to test whether international collaborations can organize based on rules of recognition and reward. These enquiries show that the growth of international co-authorships can be attributed to self-organizing phenomenon based on preferential attachment among collaborators at the sub-field level. The co-authorship links can be considered as a complex network with sub-dynamics involving features of both competition and cooperation. The analysis suggests that the growth of international collaboration during the 1990s has more likely emerged from dynamics at the sub-field level operating in all fields of science, albeit under institutional constraints. Implications for the management of global scientific collaborations are explored.
Type:
Preprint
Language:
en
Keywords:
Science Technology Studies
Local subject classification:
Scientific collaboration; Social network analysis; Science policy; Social systems; Preferential attachment

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWagner, Caroline S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeydesdorff, Loeten_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-10-25T00:00:01Z-
dc.date.available2010-06-18T23:48:12Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.date.submitted2006-10-25en_US
dc.identifier.citationNetwork Structure, Self-Organization and the Growth of International Collaboration in Science. Research Policy, 34(10), 2005, 1608-1618. 2005,en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/106478-
dc.description.abstractUsing data from co-authorships at the international level in all fields of science in 1990 and 2000, and within six case studies at the sub-field level in 2000, different explanations for the growth of international collaboration in science and technology are explored. We find that few of the explanations within the literature can be supported by a detailed review of the growth of international collaboration during the 1990s. We hypothesize that growth may be due to recognition and rewards as ordering mechanisms within the system. We apply new tools emerging from network science to test whether international collaborations can organize based on rules of recognition and reward. These enquiries show that the growth of international co-authorships can be attributed to self-organizing phenomenon based on preferential attachment among collaborators at the sub-field level. The co-authorship links can be considered as a complex network with sub-dynamics involving features of both competition and cooperation. The analysis suggests that the growth of international collaboration during the 1990s has more likely emerged from dynamics at the sub-field level operating in all fields of science, albeit under institutional constraints. Implications for the management of global scientific collaborations are explored.en_US
dc.format.mimetypehtmen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectScience Technology Studiesen_US
dc.subject.otherScientific collaborationen_US
dc.subject.otherSocial network analysisen_US
dc.subject.otherScience policyen_US
dc.subject.otherSocial systemsen_US
dc.subject.otherPreferential attachmenten_US
dc.titleNetwork Structure, Self-Organization and the Growth of International Collaboration in Science. Research Policy, 34(10), 2005, 1608-1618.en_US
dc.typePreprinten_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.