Technology and Culture: The Dissemination and the Potential 'Lock-in' of New Technologies

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/105646
Title:
Technology and Culture: The Dissemination and the Potential 'Lock-in' of New Technologies
Author:
Leydesdorff, Loet
Citation:
Technology and Culture: The Dissemination and the Potential 'Lock-in' of New Technologies 2001, 4(3) Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
Journal:
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
Issue Date:
2001
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/105646
Submitted date:
2002-08-06
Abstract:
How do technological innovations change the patterns of their cultural diffusion in socio-economic networks? Cellular automata enable us to show Arthur's (1988) model of a potential 'lock-in' of a new technology in terms of dominant colours on the screen. The 'lock-in' effects can be combined with local learning, network effects, and more complex dynamics. Recursive and interaction terms can thus be declared separately in the construction of a simple, but non-linear model of technological development and innovation. This enables us to specify conditions for a 'break-out' or a 'deadlock' between competing technologies. Using Axelrod's (1997) simulation model of 'cultural dissemination' as another network effect, it will be shown that the cultural assimilation of a new technology can co-evolve with the 'lock-in' of a dominant technology. This effect can be annihilated by the further development of the communication with an emerging dimension. Implications for technology and innovation policies will be specified.
Type:
Journal Article (On-line/Unpaginated)
Language:
en
Keywords:
Science Technology Studies
Local subject classification:
culture; dissemination; innovation; lock-in; technology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLeydesdorff, Loeten_US
dc.date.accessioned2002-08-06T00:00:01Z-
dc.date.available2010-06-18T23:31:09Z-
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.date.submitted2002-08-06en_US
dc.identifier.citationTechnology and Culture: The Dissemination and the Potential 'Lock-in' of New Technologies 2001, 4(3) Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulationen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/105646-
dc.description.abstractHow do technological innovations change the patterns of their cultural diffusion in socio-economic networks? Cellular automata enable us to show Arthur's (1988) model of a potential 'lock-in' of a new technology in terms of dominant colours on the screen. The 'lock-in' effects can be combined with local learning, network effects, and more complex dynamics. Recursive and interaction terms can thus be declared separately in the construction of a simple, but non-linear model of technological development and innovation. This enables us to specify conditions for a 'break-out' or a 'deadlock' between competing technologies. Using Axelrod's (1997) simulation model of 'cultural dissemination' as another network effect, it will be shown that the cultural assimilation of a new technology can co-evolve with the 'lock-in' of a dominant technology. This effect can be annihilated by the further development of the communication with an emerging dimension. Implications for technology and innovation policies will be specified.en_US
dc.format.mimetypetext/htmlen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectScience Technology Studiesen_US
dc.subject.othercultureen_US
dc.subject.otherdisseminationen_US
dc.subject.otherinnovationen_US
dc.subject.otherlock-inen_US
dc.subject.othertechnologyen_US
dc.titleTechnology and Culture: The Dissemination and the Potential 'Lock-in' of New Technologiesen_US
dc.typeJournal Article (On-line/Unpaginated)en_US
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulationen_US
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