The Two Faces of American Power: Military and Political Communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Kybernetes 35 (3/4) (2006) 547-566.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/105078
Title:
The Two Faces of American Power: Military and Political Communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Kybernetes 35 (3/4) (2006) 547-566.
Author:
Deinema, Michaël; Leydesdorff, Loet
Citation:
The Two Faces of American Power: Military and Political Communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Kybernetes 35 (3/4) (2006) 547-566. 2006,
Issue Date:
2006
Description:
Kybernetes 35 (3/4) (2006) 547-566
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/105078
Submitted date:
2006-09-23
Abstract:
Purpose: The mismatches between political discourse and military momentum in the American handling of the Cuban missile crisis are explained by using the model of the potential autopoiesis of subsystems. Under wartime conditions, the codes of political and military communications can increasingly be differentiated. Design/methodology/approach: The model of a further differentiation between political and military power is developed on the basis of a detailed description of the Cuban missile crisis. We introduce the concept of a “semi-dormant autopoiesis” for the difference in the dynamics between peacetime and wartime conditions. Findings: Several dangerous incidents during the crisis can be explained by a sociocybernetic model focusing on communication and control, but not by using an organization-theoretical approach. The further differentiation of the military as a subsystem became possible in the course of the twentieth century because of ongoing learning processes about previous wars. Practical implications: Politicians should not underestimate autonomous military processes or the significance of standing orders. In order to continually produce communications within the military, communication partners are needed that stand outside of the hierarchy, and this role can be fulfilled by an enemy. A reflexively imagined enemy can thus reinforce the autopoiesis of the military subsystem. Originality/value: The paper shows that civilian control over military affairs has become structurally problematic and offers a sociocybernetic explanation of the missile crisis. The potential alternation in the dynamics under peacetime and wartime.
Type:
Preprint
Language:
en
Keywords:
Science Technology Studies
Local subject classification:
functional differentiation; missile crisis; Cold War; military; sociocybernetics; autopoiesis

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDeinema, Michaëlen_US
dc.contributor.authorLeydesdorff, Loeten_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-09-23T00:00:01Z-
dc.date.available2010-06-18T23:18:53Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.date.submitted2006-09-23en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe Two Faces of American Power: Military and Political Communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Kybernetes 35 (3/4) (2006) 547-566. 2006,en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/105078-
dc.descriptionKybernetes 35 (3/4) (2006) 547-566en_US
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The mismatches between political discourse and military momentum in the American handling of the Cuban missile crisis are explained by using the model of the potential autopoiesis of subsystems. Under wartime conditions, the codes of political and military communications can increasingly be differentiated. Design/methodology/approach: The model of a further differentiation between political and military power is developed on the basis of a detailed description of the Cuban missile crisis. We introduce the concept of a “semi-dormant autopoiesis” for the difference in the dynamics between peacetime and wartime conditions. Findings: Several dangerous incidents during the crisis can be explained by a sociocybernetic model focusing on communication and control, but not by using an organization-theoretical approach. The further differentiation of the military as a subsystem became possible in the course of the twentieth century because of ongoing learning processes about previous wars. Practical implications: Politicians should not underestimate autonomous military processes or the significance of standing orders. In order to continually produce communications within the military, communication partners are needed that stand outside of the hierarchy, and this role can be fulfilled by an enemy. A reflexively imagined enemy can thus reinforce the autopoiesis of the military subsystem. Originality/value: The paper shows that civilian control over military affairs has become structurally problematic and offers a sociocybernetic explanation of the missile crisis. The potential alternation in the dynamics under peacetime and wartime.en_US
dc.format.mimetypehtmen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectScience Technology Studiesen_US
dc.subject.otherfunctional differentiationen_US
dc.subject.othermissile crisisen_US
dc.subject.otherCold Waren_US
dc.subject.othermilitaryen_US
dc.subject.othersociocyberneticsen_US
dc.subject.otherautopoiesisen_US
dc.titleThe Two Faces of American Power: Military and Political Communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Kybernetes 35 (3/4) (2006) 547-566.en_US
dc.typePreprinten_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.